1.1 The function of assessment in learning and development is to establish the level of knowledge and skill a person has on a specific subject. Assessment happens throughout the learning process and can help assessors to provide feedback so that a learner can make improvements as they progress. It is also a useful tool for helping the trainer to identify individual student needs and may lead to adjustments in how the course is delivered. Assessment and feedback may need to be iteratve to enable the learner to meet the required level of competence required.
1.2 The key concepts and principles of assessment are based on the requirement for assessment to be reliable, authentic, valid and sufficient. Reliable assessment can be achieved by standardisation of the assessment criteria or by use of an awarding body. Assessment authenticity is attained with exams that are properly managed by an invigilator, and by other means of ensuring that the work submitted is the work of the learner. The validity of assessment is maintained by staying within the curriculum and mapping to the learning outcomes. Assessment sufficiency can be accomplished by ensuring the correct level of knowledge is being measured according to Blooms Taxonomy (1956) by using different methods appropriate to the type of knowledge or skill being assessed.
1.3 The assessor is responsible for ensuring that skills and knowledge being taught are being understood by the learner and that any specific requirements that an individual may have are being met. The assessor also has responsibilities to the course awarding body and must ensure that standards are upheld. This may be