?Migration

Tutor Class: 9PK
SOS teacher: ?GM
By Zed Enriquez

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?Mig ra tio n C ase S tu dy

?Rece nt M Ig ra to rs in N Z 2 000’s -N O W

Mig ra tio n

Mig ra tio n is th e m ove m ent in div id ual o r g ro u p o f p eople , to e sta blis h in a noth er p la ce ,

usu ally fo r e co nom ic , p olit ic a l o r e nvir o n m en ta l r e a so ns. T yp es o f m ig ra tio n c a n b e

te m pora ry o r p erm anent. In flu en cin g fa cto rs c a n b e v o lu nta ry o r fo rc e d .

?Push a n d P ull f a cto rs o f M ig ra tio n

Peo ple m ig ra te :
? b eca use o f a n u m be r o f r e a so ns w hic h a re m ain ly u nder th ese fo ur

ca te gorie s: E nvir o nm enta l, E co n om ic , C ult u ra l a nd S ocio -p o lit ic a l.

Push F acto rs :
?are th ose a sp ects w hic h w ould c o m pe l th e in div id uals , g ro u p to le ave . In

many c a se s, in div id uals m ay b e in d ange r if th ey s ta y. B eca use th ey c a n e nco unte r

pro ble m s lik e c o nflic t, d ro ug ht, fa m in e, o r e ve n th eir r e lig io n.

Pull F acto rs :
? A re a sp ects in th e d estin atio n c o u ntr y th at a ttr a cts th e in div id ual o r g ro u p to

le ave . R easo ns th at a ttr a cts a in d iv id u al o r a g ro u p o f p eople c a n b e fa cto rs lik e : b ette r

eco nom ic a ctiv it ie s s u ch a s m ore jo bs a nd th e p ro m is e o f a b ette r, s e cu re , h ealt h y lif e .

These o fte n p ull p eople in to n ew lo ca tio ns, d estin atio n
?("your cool facts and tips on
migration," 2016-2017).

Push F acto rs

Forced
Refu gee:
? A r e fu gee is s o m eo ne w ho h ad to le ave th eir h om e b e ca use o f

many v a rio us r e aso ns, s u ch a s w ar. M ean s th at r e fu gees h ave n ow here to

go(“W ho a re r e fu gees”,N ew Z eala n d R ed C ro ss).

The e stim ate fr o m th e N ew Z eala n d im m ig ra tio n s ta tis tic s s ta te th at 1 000 r e fu gees c o m e to

New Z eala nd e ve ry y e ar. 1 50 e stim ate d r e fu gees h ave fle d fr o m th eir c o untr y o f o rig in

beca use o f w ar, p ers e cu tio n a nd v io le nce . T hese r e fu gees a re fr o m a v a rie ty o f p la ce s s u ch

as: V ie tn am , L aos, C am bod ia , B urm a, Ir a n, Ir a q , A fg hanis ta n, P ale stin e, S yria , K uw ait ,

Tunis ia , A lg eria , C hin a, S ri la nka a nd lo ts m ore

Reason behind taking Refugees
New Z eala nd is o ne o f s e ve ra l c o u ntr ie s th at ta ke p art in th e U nit e d N atio ns H ig h

Com mis sio ner fo r R efu ge es. N ew Z eala n d h as a n e xis tin g 1 50 d edic a te d p la ce s a nd o n to p

of a ll th at N ew Z eala nd w ill h ave 5 00 m ore d urin g 2 017 a nd 2 018(” W ho a re r e fu gees”,N ew

Zeala nd R ed C ro ss).

World: Top 10 nationalities of refugees at the end of 2015
1.S yria
4.9 m illio n

2.A fg han is ta n
2.7 m illio n

3.S om alia
1.1 2 m il lio n

4. S outh S udan
778,7 0 0

5.S udan
628,8 0 0

6.D .R . C ongo
541,5 0 0

7.C en tr a l A fr ic an R ep
471,1 0 0

8.M yan m ar/B urm a
451,8 0 0

9.E rit r e a
411,3 0 0

10.C olo m bia
340,2 0 0

Few Jobs and quality of Education

People a re p ush ed o ut o f th eir c o untr y b e ca use o f th e la ck o f o pportu nit ie s

fo r e duca tio n. P eople o fte n le ave th e c o u ntr y b eca use th ere is a w id e r a nge

of o pportu nit ie s th at w ould h e lp th em f in d a jo b a nd a g ood p la ce to b e

educa te d.

In C hin a, a lt h ough th ey a re s e co nd a m ong th e to p te n c o untr ie s o f th e w orld b ase d o n

eco nom ic g ro w th ( S ta tis tic s T im es,9 J u ne 2 018) y o ung c h in ese p eople a re lo okin g fo r

opportu nit ie s to s tu dy in o th er c o untr ie s lik e N ew Z eala nd to g et e duca te d in a q ualit y

envir o nm ent. T he m otiv a tio n f o r C hin ese s tu dents to e arn e d b ette r e duca tio n fr o m o ve rs e as

su ch a s P ost G ra duate s tu die s is n ot o nly v it a l to th eir c u lt u re b ut a ls o to b e e m plo ye d.

There a re la ck o f jo bs n ow a va il a ble in C hin a fo r th e n ew g ra d uate s. A dd it io nally , c h in ese

stu dents c la im e duca tio n o ve rs e a s is c h eaper c o m pa re d to th eir s ch ools . C hin a la cks q ualit y

In fr a str u ctu re w hic h m ea ns th at th eir e duca tio n s yste m is a s u bstit u te s ta ndard c o m pare d to

hig h s ta ndard e duca tio n in o th e r c o un tr ie s o ve rs e a s lik e N ew Z eala nd ( T he N ew Z eala nd

Hera ld , 1 4 M ar 2 009). M ore t h a n 9 0,0 00 in te rn a tio nal s tu dents s tu dy e ach y e ar in N ew

Zeala nd a nd 2 5 p erc e nt c o m e fr o m C hin a .

Environmental

Many p eople o fte n le ave t h e ir c o u ntr y b eca use o f h aza rd o us r e a so ns s u ch

as p ollu tio n, d ro ughts , flo od s, e a rth qu ake s a nd m ore n atu ra l d is a ste rs . A

main p ush fa cto r is th e la ck o f r e so u rc e s s u ch a s, fo od, w ate r a nd o th er

nece ssa ry r e so urc e s th at w ould p ush th em o ut.

In 2 017 a rtic le fr o m th e G uard ia n , P eople fr o m th e P acif ic Is la nd o f K ir ib ati

are u nder th re at to r e lo ca te b e ca use to th e r is in g s e a le ve l d ue to c lim ate

ch ange. K ir ib ati is o ne a m ong s e ve ra l lo w ly in g Is la nds in th e P acif ic th at is

endangere d to b e s w allo w ed w ho le b y th e r a p id r is e o f th e s e a le ve l. F iv e o f th e S olo m on

Is la nd w ere a lr e ady b een lo st in th e m id o f 2 0th C entu ry .

Religious belief

Many v ic tim s a re e it h er p ers e cu te d o r e xe cu te d b eca use o f th eir b elie f.

Mid dle E aste rn c o untr ie s n ow adays a re e xp erie ncin g ” m in orit ie s

cle ansin g.” P eople in M id dle E aste rn c o un tr ie s h as a la rg e n um be r w hic h

belo ngs to th e ” M uslim ” r e lig io n. T he n on-m uslim o r o th er r e lig io n a re

cla ssif ie d a s m in orit ie s b eca u se th ey a re le ss in n um be rs a s th e M uslim s.

Min orit ie s a re th e o nes th at a re f o rc e d to le ave th eir c o untr ie s b eca use th ey h ave d if fe re nt

re lig io n in ste ad o f th e ‘M usli m ‘ r e lig io n. F am il ie s o f th ese m in orit ie s a re th re a te ned to b e

massa cre d if th ey s ta y in th e c o u ntr y .

A c h ris tia n m an a nd h is fa m il y f le d P akis ta n in 2 012, in fe ar o f d eath b y th e M uslim

extr e m is t. T he c h ris tia n fa m ily n ow is s e ekin g ” a sylu m ” o r a s a fe p assa ge to U .K .( B BC

New s, ” A sylu m S eeke rs “, 1 1 J u ne 2 0 18).

Pull f a cto rs

One o f th e m ajo r r e aso ns w hy p eople le ave th eir h om e p la ce is to s e arc h fo r a g re en

pastu re a nd s im ply b ette r lif e . J o b o pp ortu nit ie s is o ne o f th e im po rta nt p rio rit ie s in s e ttlin g in

a n ew p la ce .

New Z eala nd w as le ss a ff e cte d b y th e g lo bal fin ancia l d angers c o m pa re d to m any o th er

co untr ie s. T he o utc o m e is a s tr o ng s ta ble e co nom y. In th e la st fiv e y e ars e m plo ym ent

co ntin ue to r e m ain s tr o ng a nd p ro g re ss w it h th e r a te o f 2 .9 p erc e n t in cre a se p er y e ar fo r fiv e

ye ars a s th e g ove rn m ent f o re ca ste d .

New Z eala nd jo b o pportu n it ie s a va ila b le in th e m ark e t r a n ge fr o m H ealt h ca re , IT ,

In fr a str u ctu re , T ouris m a nd m any m ore .

An in cre ase fr o m 1 6,7 87 in 2 004 to 4 1,5 7 6 w ork v is a a rriv a ls w as r e p orte d b y th e H era ld in

2017. A m ong th e to p fiv e s o urc e c o untr ie s s e ekin g w ork a re th e U nit e d K in gdom , G erm any,

Austr a lia , S outh A fr ic a , U nit e d S ta te s a nd A sia (N Z H era ld , 1 9 J u ne 2 018)

Education

Educa tio n is a k e y p art in lif e . P eople h ave th e c h ance to b e e duca te d b ut fo r s o m e,

unfo rtu nate ly a re in w ar s tr ic ke n c o untr ie s lik e J o rd a n, E gyp t, L ebanon a nd T urk e y.

Educa tio n is v e ry v it a l. In J o rd a n, 9 0,0 00 S yria n c h ild re n h ave n o fo rm al e duca tio n. R efu gee

ch ild re n h ave a bandoned s ch oo l in o rd er to w ork . M an y g ir ls a re fo rc e d in to e arly m arria ge,

as a w ay to s u rv iv e . E ve n in p la ce s w here e duca tio n is fr e e fo r S yria n c h ild re n s u ch a s

Lebanon, b ut th ere a re n o fin ancia l a ssis ta nce fo r tr a n sp orta tio n, a nd m any s tu dents h ave to

mis s th eir c la sse s in o rd e r to s u pp ort th eir fa m il ie s. H undre d s a nd th ousa nds s tu dents d on’t

go to s ch ool. T here w ill b e n o o ptio ns a t a ll fo r th e y o ung p eople to g o to th e u niv e rs it y ( T he

Guard ia n).

Deve lo pin g c o untr ie s o n t h e o th e r h an d h ave d if fe re n t e duca tio n p ro b le m s. In m ost c a se s

beca use o f lo w q ualit y o f e duca tio n, m ay n ot b e c o m pe tit iv e to g et a p ro fe ssio nal jo b

opportu nit ie s a bro ad b eca use o f la ck o f q ualif ic a tio ns. M ost o f th ese c h ild re n ; th ey w ill lik e ly

end u p w ork in g o n fa m ily o r n eig h borh ood fa rm s o r s ta rtin g th eir o w n e nte rp ris e s.

Reasons to Move to NZ
There is a n e ndle ss a m oun t o f r e aso ns to m ove to N ew Z eala nd, a cco rd in g to a n a rtic le in

NZ E dge.C om ,2 2 A pril 2 0 16. H ere a re s o m e o f th em :

Hig h Q ualit y o f L if e :
? ?New Z eala n d h as to ppe d s u rv e ys a m on g o ne o f th e b est c o untr ie s in

th e w orld to liv e . C ountr ie s lik e N ew Z eala nd a re r a n k a cco rd in g to ” h ig h q ualit y o f

lif e .” .A cco rd in g to T N T M aga zin e, th e r e aso ns fo r th is h ig h q ualit y lik e fr ie ndly K iw i n atu re ,

posit iv e w ork -lif e b ala nce a nd s h ort c o m mutin g tim e. E ve n in th e b ig gest c it ie s, r e sid ents a re

only m in ute s fr o m a b each , p ark o r m ou nta in b ik in g tr a il.

Hap py F am ily L if e
?: ? N early 7 0% o f K iw is (N ew Z eala nde rs ) w ho a re te m po ra ril y w ork in g a nd

liv in g o ve rs e as(e xp ats ) s a y t h e ir c h ild re n a re m ore c o nfid ent a nd w ell- r o unded fr o m th eir

tim e s p ent liv in g in N ew Z eala n d. F am ilie s in N ew Z eala nd e njo y a r e la xe d o utd oors lif e sty le

in a s a fe e nvir o nm ent a s N ew Z eala nd r a nks a s th e w orld ‘s fo urth s a fe st c o untr y .

Lead in g E ducatio n S yste m :
? ?A ? ll e ig ht o f N ew Z eala nd’s u niv e rs it ie s a ppeare d in th e to p

500 Q S W orld U niv e rs it y R ankin g s 2 015/1 6, w it h 5 0% o f th em in th e to p 2 50. O ve r 9 0% o f

exp ats th in k th e q ualit y o f N ew Z eala n d e duca tio n is s im il a r o r b ette r th an a t h om e.

Rela tiv ely L ow C ost o f L iv in g :
?Acco rd in g to M erc e r’s 2 015 C ost o f L iv in g s u rv e y, A uckla nd

is th e 6 1st m ost e xp ensiv e c it y to liv e in . In c o m pa ris o n L ondon is th e 1 2th m ost e xp ensiv e

cit y , w hile W ellin gto n is th e 8 3rd .

Favo ura b le C lim ate :
? In
?New Z eala n d s u m m ers g enera ll y a re w arm a nd d ry , w hile w in te rs

are r e la tiv e ly m ild a nd w et. M ost m ajo r c it ie s o f N ew Z eala nd g et o ve r 2 ,0 00 s u nsh in e h ours

a y e ar – in s o m e p la ce s li k e N els o n it ‘s e ve n o ve r 2 ,4 00 h ours .

Good C are er P ro sp ects :
? ?Ove rs e a s w ork e rs a re a ctiv e ly s o u ght b y e m plo ye rs in s kill

sh orta ge o ccu patio ns ( o ve r 1 50) in N ew Z eala nd, w hic h h as b een h ig hlig hte d a s th e w orld ‘s

most p ro sp ero us c o untr y o uts id e o f E uro pe in th e 2 015 a nnual L egatu m P ro sp erit y In dex.

Stu nnin g S cen ery
?: ? ?New Z eala nd’s s ce nery b oasts g lo rio u s s a nd y b each es, n ativ e f o re sts ,

mounta in s, la ke s, r iv e rs a n d fjo rd s. I ts s tr ik in g la ndsca pes a re o ne o f th e r e aso ns it h as b een

ch ose n a s film in g lo ca tio n fo r L ord o f th e R in gs, T he C hro n ic le s o f N arn ia a nd A va ta r.

Spacio us H ousin g
?:
?Acco rd in g to T N T M agazin e, ” N ew Z eala nd h om es a re m ostly

sta ndalo ne s in gle s to re y r e sid ence s w it h th eir o w n g ard e n, o ffe rin g m uch m ore s p ace .
?”
Ease o f M ovin g
?:
?The a rtic le h ig hli g hts th e e ase o f m ovin g e sp ecia lly fo r U K r e sid ents .

How eve r,
?Im mig ra tio n N ew Z eala nd
? p ro vid es a dvic e fo r e ve ry o ne .

The W orld Is G ettin g S m alle r
?:
?Beca use o f N ew Z eala n d’s r e m ote lo ca tio n, p eople o fte n a re

worrie d a bout b ein g to o f a r a w ay fr o m fa m il y a nd fr ie nds. F lig hts to day a re a lo t c h eaper a nd

more fr e quent th an th ey u se d to b e a nd s ta yin g in to uch h as n eve r b een e asie r.

Obsta cle s

Language barrier
Language is o ne o f th e b oun darie s Im mig ra n ts fa ce w hen th ey a rr iv e in th eir d estin atio n

pla ce . Im mig ra nts w ho c a n not s p ea k t h e lo ca l la nguage o r c a n s p eak th e la nguage b ut

havin g d if fic u lt y to u nders ta nd a cce nt o fte n fin d th em se lv e s n ot a cce pte d in th eir

co m munit ie s, o r d o n ot w ant t o in te gra te in th eir c o m munit ie s, a s p eople p re fe r n ot to h ave

anyth in g to d o w it h th em . In a r e port p u blis h ed b y th e T im aru H era ld , s ta te s th at is o la tio n

and la ck o f E nglis h k n ow le dge a re th e m ain is su es th at m ig ra n ts a nd r e fu gees fa ce in th e

Cante rb ury r e gio n ( T he T im aru H era ld , 1 4 A pril 2 016).

Getting a job
http s://w ww.im mig ro up.c o m /n ew s/to p-1 0-p ro b le m s-im mig ra n ts

Short, lo ng t e rm e ffe cts f o r p eo ple

Advan ta g es

In cre ase in n um ber o f s kille d a n d n on s kille d w ork ers , s tu d en ts .
?Im mig ra nts w ho h a ve

hig h le ve l o f q ualif ic a tio ns a nd a re ta le n te d, a dd u p to th e e co nom ic g ro w th a nd p ro sp erit y

of a ll in th e d estin atio n c o u ntr y (
?The N ew Z eala nd H era ld , A uckla nd, N ew Z eala nd
?, 7

Feb.2 015).

Cult u ra l D iv ers it y
?:Im mig ra nts in th eir c o untr y o f d e stin atio n b rin g s d if fe re n t t y p es o f c u lt u re

in m any p la ce s. D iv e rs it y h e lp s p eo ple le arn o th er w ays o f lif e a nd e ve nts o f o th er p eople

fr o m d if fe re nt ty p e o f c u lt u ra l b a ckg ro und.

?Dis ad van ta g es

Cheap L ab our
? : M ig ra nts u su all y o ft e n r e su lt to d oin g u nskille d jo bs fo r a v e ry lit tle w age.

Eve n s kille d m ig ra nts a re o fte n r e n derin g th eir e xp ertis e fo r lo w s a la ry .E m plo ye rs m ay

ig nore p ro ductiv it y , tr a in in g a nd in nova tio n to w ork e rs if m ig ra n ts a re w illin g to w ork fo r lo w

pay. L ow w ages r e su lt s to p oor liv in g c o ndit io ns(T he P re ss,C hris tc h urc h N Z,2 3 J u ly

2015).T hese a re s o m e o f th e m any fo rm s o f e xp lo it a tio n b ein g d one to th e m ig ra nts b y th e

work e m plo ye rs .

Jo b L oss:
?Im mig ra nts m ay a ls o c a u se p re ssu re o n jo b is su es a s th e lo ca ls o fte n lo se jo bs

to in co m in g w ork e rs . (
?The P re ss, C hris tc h u rc h N ew Z eala nd,0 1 J u ly 2 010).

Dis crim in atio n/R acis m :
?Im mig ra tio n c a n fu el r a cis m a nd d is crim in atio n. Im mig ra n ts w ho

ca nnot s p eak th e lo ca l la ngu age o r d o n ot b ehave lik e th e lo ca ls o fte n fin d th em se lv e s n ot

acce pte d in th eir c o m munit ie s, a s p e ople p re fe r n ot to h ave a nyth in g to d o w it h th em .( T he

Tim aru H era ld 1 4 A pril 2 016 )

Bre akd ow n o f c u lt u re a n d t r a d it io n s:
?Tra dit io ns a nd c u lt u re s a nd n eg ativ e ly a lt e re d o r

ch anged b eca use o f d iv e rs it y , ( p eo ple c o m in g fr o m o th er c o untr ie s). S om etim es h ealt h y

ways o f liv e s a re c o m pro m is e d a s d if fe re nt p eople a re e xp ose d to d if fe re n t w ays o f d oin g

th in gs s o m etim es n ew c rim e in cid e nts e m erg e o r in cre a se a s a r e su lt o f b ad p eople c o m in g

in .( T he N ew Z eala nd H era ld A uckla nd N ew Z eala nd 9 A pril 2 018 ,A 18 .)

Dis eases
?: A s lo ng a s p eop le m ove fr o m p la ce to p la ce , th ere is a r is k o f c o nta gio us d is e ase

outb re ak. ( T he P re ss, C hris tc h u rc h N ew Z eala nd), 2 7 S ep 2 006, A 2.

Short, L ong t e rm e ffe cts f o r p la ces

Dis ad van ta g es

Housin g

Rents , c o st o f h ousin g a re e xp ecte d to in cre a se a s a r e su lt o f m ig ra tio n.A cco rd in g to th e

Tre asu ry R eport( 2 014) m ig ra tio n is o ne o f th e fa cto r o f th e s u dden in cre a se o f h ouse v a lu e

in N ew Z eala nd.

Tra ffic C ongestio n

Acco rd in g to th e T ra nsp ort A gency r e ce nt r e p ort s ta te d th at c o ngestio n in tr a ffic is g ro w in g

at a r a te o f 2 .4 p er c e nt p e r y e a r a nd t h e n um be r o f c a rs in th e c it y is g ro w in g a t a fa ste r r a te

th an th e p opula tio n(S tu ff, A pril 2 8, 2 017).

Advan ta g es

Gro w th in t h e e co nom y.
?Eco n om y is e xp ecte d to in cre ase r e la tiv e ly a s m ig ra n ts c o m e in to

th e d estin atio n c o untr y . In a r e ce nt r e port p ublis h ed b y( T he N ew Z eala nd H era ld , A uckla nd

New Z eala nd, 1 F eb 2 017 B 1). s ta te s th at e co nom is t a re e xp ectin g a g ro w th in G DP o f 3 %

beca use o f th e s u rg e o f m ig ra nts .

Sch ool F acilit ie s

Sin ce 2 015 s ch ool b uild in gs a nd f a cilit ie s c o nstr u ctio n h ave in cre a se d b eca use o f th e

in cre asin g n um ber o f m ig ra nts c o m in g to n ew z e ala nd(S tu ff, A pril 2 8, 2 017).

Wellin gto n r e fu gee c o ord in ato r

?Goal/S tr a te g y

When R efu gees c o m e to N ew Z ea la nd t h e y w ill h ave to b e s e lf – s u ffic ie nt e it h er in p aid w ork

or s u pporte d b y a fa m ily m em ber/v o lu nte e r in p aid w ork s o th ey c a n liv e lik e a c it iz e n w hile

bein g in dependant a nd ta kin g th e s a m e r e sp onsib ilit ie s lik e e ve ry o ne e ls e . W e c a n d o th is

by w ork in g a lo ngsid e w it h th e G ove rn m ent O rg a niz a tio ns a nd N on G ove rn m en t

Org aniz a tio ns(N G O)s u ch a s th e N ew Z eala nd R ed C ro ss.M en ta l h ealt h s e rv ic e s a re a ls o

vit a l a s th ey w ould h elp w it h a ny e m otio n al h ard sh ip w hic h c a n h elp th e r e fu gees w it h

anyth in g th at h as a ffe cte d th e r e fu g ees d ue to th e fa ct th at th ey h ad to le ave e ve ry th in g

behin d. T hey w ould a ls o h ave to ta ke p art in N ew Z eala nd lif e a nd c u lt u re s o th ey h ave a

gre at s e nse o f s e lf b elo ngin g h ere in N ew Z eala nd, w e c a n d o th at b y s e ttin g u p a p ro gra m .

Educa tio n is s o m eth in g th a t e ve ry o ne n ee ds in th eir lif e , v it a l in fo rm atio n s u ch a s th e e nglis h

la nguage w hic h c a n h elp o ve rc o m e th e la nguage b arrie r. L ast b ut n ot le ast is h ousin g a nd

help in g th em to s e ttle in a s a fe , s e cu re , h e alt h y, a ffo rd a ble h om e.

Settling New refugees in Wellington
I. C oord in ate w it h th e N ew Z eala nd Im m ig ra tio n th e R efu gee q uota

fo r W ellin gto n.

II. A ll p eople a cce pte d b y N ew Z ea la nd u nder th e R efu gee Q uota P ro gra m me s h ould

co m ple te a s ix -w eek o rie n ta tio n p ro gra m m e a t th e D epartm en t o f Im m ig ra tio n’s M angere

Refu gee R ese ttle m ent C en tr e , 2 51 M asse y R oad, A uckla nd.

III. C oord in ate w it h W ellin g to n C it y C ou ncil, H ousin g N ew Z eala nd fo r th e R efu gees h ousin g

allo ca tio ns.

III.C onta ct N ew Z eala nd R ed C ro ss(p rim ary p ro vid er o f c o m munit y r e fu gee r e se ttle m ent

pro gra m mes in N ew Z eala nd) f o r th eir R efu gee P ro gra m me fo r s e ttle m ent.

New Z eala n d R ed C ro ss R efu gee

Pro gra m m e

1 ?. ?Pathways to settlement service.

(h elp s fo rm er r e fu gees to c o nnect th eir fa m il ie s to th eir c o m munit y , in tr o ducin g to n eig hbors ,

co nnectin g th em to s e rv ic e s. S how in g th em h ow to g o p la ce s th ru p ublic tr a n sp ort.

Serv ic e s in clu de:

? Settle m ent S upport – p ra ctic a l s u ppo rt w it h d ay-to -d a y s e ttlin g in to th e c o m m unit y .

? Settle m ent p la nnin g w it h fa m ilie s – lo ng te rm th in kin g a nd p la nnin g.

? Orie nta tio n in fo rm atio n s e ssio ns – to ols n e eded to n avig ate lif e in a n ew c o m munit y .

? Com munit y in te gra tio n – lin kin g fo rm er r e fu gee fa m il ie s to th eir w id er c o m m unit ie s.

2.Pathways to employment service.

Help s fo rm er r e fu gees p la n th eir e m plo ym ent, e duca tio n, tr a in in g a nd c a re er g oals a nd

most im porta ntly fin d w ork .

Serv ic e s in clu de:

? Asse ssin g s kills , in clu din g E nglis h la ngu age s kills

? Refe rra ls to E nglis h o r v o ca tio nal t r a in in g o pportu nit ie s

? Assis tin g w it h th e w rit in g o f C V's a nd c o ve r le tte rs

? Help in g m ake a ppo in tm ents a nd g e t in te rv ie w s, a s w ell a s c o ach in g o n in te rv ie w

skills

? Fin din g w ork tr ia ls a nd w ork e xp e rie nce

? Enco ura gin g e m plo ye rs t o e m plo y p eople fr o m r e fu gee b ackg ro unds.

3.Refugee trauma recovery service.

pro vid es c lin ic a l a nd th era peu tic s u pport to fo rm er r e fu gees w ho h ave e xp erie nce d to rtu re

and/o r tr a um a. S erv ic e is a va ila b le to a ll a ges.

4. Volunteer to help former refugees

? T asks th at m ay in clu de

? Settin g u p a h om e fo r a r e fu gee fa m ily /in d iv id ual b efo re th ey a rr iv e

? Help in g th e fa m ily e nro l w it h s ch ools a n d d octo rs

? Budgetin g, s h oppin g a nd h o w to u se a n A TM m ach in e

? Show in g th e fa m ily h o w to u se p ublic tr a nsp ort

? Socia l v is it s

? Genera lly e xp la in in g h o w th in gs w ork in N ew Z eala nd.

Con clu sio n

Im mig ra tio n h as m any d is a dva nta g es a nd a dva nta ges to th e d estin atio n c o untr y a nd th e

co untr ie s o f o rig in . S uch a s b ein g e co no m ic a lly b enefic ia l, b ut in th e p re se nt e co nom ic tim es

it is th e r ic h a nd p ow erfu l c o u ntr ie s t h a t s e e m to g et th e m ost b enefit . M ig ra tio n b rin gs

people to geth er c u lt u ra lly b ut it c a n a ls o s ta rt s o m e c o nflic t b etw een th e th e n ew co m ers a nd

th e lo ca ls th em se lv e s. It’s a ls o a k e y p art o f p ro vid in g im po rta nt in fo rm atio n a bout th e w ay o f

liv in g in o th er c o untr ie s a nd it is a g re at w ay fo r p eople to m ix u p. M ig ra tio n h elp s p eople to

move o r g o o ve rs e as to s tu dy fo r t h e ir c h o se n to pic

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