A question that is often asked is; how to maintain a healthy body? The importance of maintaining a healthy body is very important in the way that we live our lives today and even more so in the future as there are more known supplies existing. There are many ways that can help live this way, which includes; getting a good night’s sleep, eating healthy and getting enough daily exercise.
So how do we maintain a healthy body? health means, to, according to The World Health Organization (WHO) whom defined health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not only the (not being there; not being present) of disease or sickness.” We must think about how much health has changed over the years. For example, in the 17th Century the major health issue was the (dangerous plague disease spread by fleas) caused by fleas on rats. Today’s health issues are being obese, being overweight is easily treatable, with hard work. Many factors influence having a healthy body. I am going to look at diet, exercise and sleep, all of which I believe can add/give to maintaining a healthy body.
Firstly, the effects our diet has on our body. For humans to survive we need food, though, we still require certain types of food and we need to eat lots of different healthy foods to have a healthy body. The foods we need to be eating/drinking are foods such as; proteins, fats, and oils, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, fibre, and water. We require each of these food categories for a particular reason. For example, we need protein to help our body repair itself, we need carbohydrates as these brake down into simple sugars like glucose which is the most important source of energy for the body, we also need iron to form red blood cells which carry oxygen around the body, many young girls suffer from low iron levels, This makes them tired and fatigued due to their monthly periods. If we eat less or more of these than it may cause problems for our body making us unhealthy. It is also known that a diet high in fruit and vegetables is good for our body and this has been put into use with the government with the well-known “2 fruit, 5 vegetables” saying. If we have an unhealthy diet this can long-lasting sicknesses such as high blood pressure, being overweight, and stage 1 and 2 cancers. Each of these sicknesses can affect a person’s quality of life and can reduce a person’s life expectancy. If we have an unhealthy diet this can cause many problems both for now and in the future. If someone is overweight they do not have a healthy body and are likely also to not have a healthy mind.
Although Weight loss involves 90% diet and 10% Exercise, Exercise can help us to maintain a healthy body. There are many health benefits of exercise both for our bodies and our mental health. The benefits of exercise on our bodies are; preventing heart disease and reducing high blood pressure. The benefits of exercise for our mental health are; helping to relieve stress, reducing depression and helping to ease insomnia (sleeping problems). If someone is stressed or has had a bad day which has affected their mood, then going out for a jog or light walk can be very helpful to them. It has been proven that any exercise releases a mood-changing substance called endorphins. Endorphins have been proven to improve our mood and reduce stress levels.
Another Factor with maintaining a healthy body is getting enough sleep. Most Teens today stay awake till early hours of the morning. This simply isn’t enough, not getting enough sleep can lead to health complications such as concentration difficulties, mentally ‘drifting off’ in class, lack of enthusiasm and moodiness and aggression. The average person, needs a minimum of 8 hours of sleep a day, just to keep them from feeling fatigued. Getting enough rest increases the likelihood of weight loss.
In the end, having a healthy body cannot be maintained by only eating healthy. There are many factors to think about when trying to maintain a healthy body. If we want to be healthy then we must consider what health means; “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not only the (not being there; not being present) of disease or sickness.” Therefore, we must have a healthy diet, exercise and make sure that we get enough sleep. In today’s communities people sometimes find it harder than ever to maintain a healthy body with all the outside influences like drugs and alcohol. However, if we want to be healthy then we must at least try to lead a healthy way of life and take care of our bodies and minds as we only have one.