According to feminist theory; It is a summary of the studies about what kind of position women have in today’s society and what can be done to make this position better by investigating the causes of thinking that occurred centuries ago against women in society. Only women are not feminists, anyone who wants equality, anyone who can not accept women to be lower than men can become feminists. Feminism is one of the most recent disciplines in the field of social sciences, discipline of international relations.
Ann Tickner, in his book “Gender in International Relations,” states the discomfort of male-dominated discipline of international relations: “… Why are there so few women in discipline? Why are my disciplines so far away from the experiences of women? “These two questions form the starting point of the feminist approach to international relations. The words of Robert Cox, one of the most important representatives of critical theory, are almost a response to Tickner’s question: “The theory is always for one and serves a certain purpose. It comes from theory, practice and experience “. From this perspective, a discipline produced by men and presented to the universal experience of men’s experiences will be far from being considered as a category of analysis of gender. According to feminists, international relations are discipline, gender blindness. Presenting male experiences as universal experiences disturbs feminists. Feminists argue that women’s experiences are different from men’s and that there must be room for disregarded women’s experiences to date. The most basic goal of feminist efforts is to build women as a “subject” of international relations or as a category of analysis in the discipline of gender.
Feminists place “social relations of the international” in the center of their analysis.
Feminism emerged after the French revolution as a philosophical intellectual movement for the first time in the West, when women were given no value, not human. In 1791 the Declaration on the Rights of Women was published and women’s clubs were established. With the influence of the French revolution, feminist thought also passed on to England. It then spread to the US and to all European countries. In addition, the June 1993 Vienna World Conference on Human Rights, which is very important for the international women’s movement, has for the first time included the concept of human rights for women in the United Nations process. In December 1993, the “Declaration Against Women’s Violence Against Women”, the first human rights document specifically addressing violence against women, was adopted at the UN General Assembly. The international women’s movement has caused radical changes in terms of women’s rights under human rights. Violence of domestic violence, collective rape, violations of rights to the integrity of women’s bodies, sexual rights and fertility rights have thus started to take place as human rights in UN resolutions and in international conventions.
For example; In ancient Indian law, the woman had no right to marry, inherit or otherwise. In Israeli law, the family is absolute in my family. It is possible to marry a sister in Iran. In ancient Greece and Rome, the woman had no right. According to the famous Greek philosopher Eflatun: ‘Women should be hand in hand, and walk in midst.’; According to Aristotle: “The woman was a man who was halfway through creation. In ancient China women were not even people; he was not even given a name. The continuation of the social inequality between men and women has led to the feminist aim to improve the place of women in society and to provide a genuine equality in society.
The discipline of international relations is a male-dominated discipline.
In this context, as J. Ann Tickner points out, the absence or lack of women as subjects in the discipline of international relations is one of the key points that feminists criticize.
The fact that women’s experiences are invisible in the discipline of international relations and that gender is viewed as a disciplinary issue as a category of analysis is among the leading critics of feminists’ discipline. On the basis of these criticisms, feminists have reconsidered the basic concepts of the discipline of international relations. They both contribute to the theoretical and empirical accumulation of discipline by questioning the concepts knotted with power relations and by making their own definitions on the axis of gender.