At the present time terrorism is an actual issue

At the present time terrorism is an actual issue, which concerns a world community. The tactics of terror is often considered to be an effective tool for coercion in disputes over various wrangles – political, economic, territorial or ethnic. Max Abrahms in his article “Why terrorism does not work” questioned the conviction about terrorism as an effective strategy for attainment objectives. In his article the author had made an attempt to explain how terrorists define a success and a failure for theirs activity and what reasons cause ineffectiveness of most terrorist acts. The author’s purpose is to explain the causes for which most terrorist attacks are doomed to mishap. The author asserts in this article that coercive policy of terrorist groups is not an effective instrument to achieve purposes.
Initially, the author briefly explains a popular opinion about rationality of the choice of terror tactics to achieve a set goals, citing the works of contemporary researchers who express this belief. According to theirs concepts, terrorism allows to achieve a more profitable bargains, increasing its capabilities in comparison with the target countries (Abrahms 2006, 45).
Further, the author expresses his disagreement with this opinion, expressing ? conviction that such theses are often “empirically weak” (45). He pays attention to the question of the effectiveness of terrorism, first of all, if “the terrorist campaigns achieved their core policy objects” (Abrahms 2006, 46).
Then the author exposes his understanding of measuring the effectiveness of terrorists’ actions. He offers to measure the effectiveness of terrorism in two dimensions: “combat effectiveness”, which means ? degree of harm from coercive force; “strategic effectiveness”, which means the measure of “coercion achieves its politic objectives” (Abrahms 2006, 46). The efficacy of terrorism is measured by comparing their stated objectives with outcomes. Author proclaims the declared targets of terrorist groups are a reliable indicator of their actual intentions. In supportion of this statement author constructes the system of assessments of the efficiency of terrorism. He uses 28 terrorist organizations, defined theirs objectives, target types and successful (Abrahms 2006, 49-50). As a result, the author come to the conclusion that only a few known terrorist campaigns (3 of 28) fully achieved proclaimed goals (Abrahms 2006, 51). Even the effectiveness of economic sanctions is higher, according to authors’ statement (Abrahms 2006, 50).
The author asserts limited objectives are much more useful in finding acceptable solutions, because it includes opportunity to negotiate, what cannot be said about maximalists objectives (Abrahms 2006, 54). As maximalist objectives are the most radical, the resistance from a target countries is extremely intense (Abrahms 2006, 55). As a result, it makes useless most of intentions of terrorists groups in achieving proclaimed maximalists objectives.
However, this is not the only factor of success or failure. It is important to pay attention to the “target selection”: groups, which attacks only noncombatant/civilian goals (civilian-centric groups) and groups, which attacks military targets but civilian targets are not excluded (guerilla groups) (Abrahms 2006, 55). At the result the author came to conclusion, that guerilla groups have more successful acts than civilian-centric groups. The reason for this phenomenon is that civilian-centric groups are not able to announce theirs goals correctly. That is why targeting countries mostly judge that such groups pursue maximalist objectives, which, as it was revealed earlier, cause to resists. (Abrahms 2006, 56)
Surface interpretation of objectives by targeting countries is explained by “theory of high correspondence” of terrorism. It is proves that observers tend to interpret the actor’s goal in terms of the consequences of the action, but they does not notice the fact that the proclaimed goal can significantly differ from the result obtained. (Abrahms 2006, 59)
The theoretical value of the article is an original view on the problem of terrorism. Criticizing for insufficient empirical analysis of scientists proving the efficiency of terrorism, the author had made a bold statement about the ineffectiveness of terrorism as an instrument of coercion.
The article extends existing knowledge about the problem of terrorism. It shifts the thought that terrorism is an effective measure of achieving political aspirations. But the idea of low efficiencyof terror acts needs more time to be better developed because terrorist actions are primarily attracted attention of society by loud consequences, and only a small part of society analyses the objectives of terrorists.
The author uses an academic style of righting, he avoidies formalities in the text. In the article the author uses quantitative approach, supplemented by case study: Russia’s reaction to Apartment bombings in 1999, US response to the September 2001 attacks and Israel’s answer to the First Intifada. It should be noticed that the author considers different regions of the world which allows us to judge terrorism as a global phenomenon.
The article is recommended for academics and students of political sciences. The author gives individual and complicated positions in his work. He uses rather extensive base of sources and literature, to which he refers during his work.
This topic seems to be perspective for further development in academic research, it also needs more extensive analytical work. This proposition leads to a conclusion of necessary to develop this thesis on larger scientific publication. In order to competently approve the thesis of inefficiency of terrorist working, it is necessary to conduct more extensive work on gathering information about terrorist groups in all regions and to conduct an analysis between the declared objectives and the results of activity of terrorists groups. This problem is very urgent and promising for future scientific investigations.
The study of this vital problem not only implies the receipt of new theoretical knowledge. This also means developing a proposal to minimize the negative consequences of the terrorism. In the context of this topic, this acquires a special meaning. Statement that the terrorism is an invalid practice leads to the idea that further elaboration of this thesis will help in the fight against it. The thesis of the ineffectiveness of an application of terrorism to achieve objectives can be used as an effort to take significant steps towards abandoning this strategy

x

Hi!
I'm Dora

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out
x

Hi!
I'm Barry!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out