centertopThe roles that science

centertopThe roles that science, technology and society play in the problem of the population explosion
Is it sustainable in the world and is it sustainable for South Africa?
76500The roles that science, technology and society play in the problem of the population explosion
Is it sustainable in the world and is it sustainable for South Africa?
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8858258296275Ryno Conradie28831810
WVNS
765000Ryno Conradie28831810
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Table of Contents
TOC o “1-3” h z u 1. Introduction PAGEREF _Toc524547593 h 22. Our current situation PAGEREF _Toc524547594 h 23. South-Africa’s population Growth PAGEREF _Toc524547595 h 34. Conclusion PAGEREF _Toc524547596 h 45. Bibliography PAGEREF _Toc524547597 h 5
1. IntroductionPopulation growth occurs when the birth rate exceeds the death rate. This is currently three to one. In a society whereby, tradition often clash with modern ideology, decision making may be taxing. Human population has a variety of consequences, both direct and indirect. The population explosion that we are currently experiencing is making us see the direct consequence that arises out of the situation.
2. Our current situationWe are currently finding ourselves in the fourth industrial revolution. Whereas the first industrial revolution was focused on mechanization, the second on mass production, the third on computer and automation and the fourth being cyber physical systems. Through the third and fourth revolutions we see the role that technology played with the population explosion.
Science on the other hand, if we base it on the Kuhn Cycle we can see how it changed through the ages. Its start off with pre-science, going over to normal science, then a model drift, a model crisis, a model revolution and that leads to a paradigm change. Through the centuries we have seen how this comes into effect. Take for instance the Ebola crisis, there was a science revolution with coming up with an antidote to combat the diseases.
This brings us to the point of society within the population explosion. Society is the integral part that binds technology, science and population together. We are currently finding ourselves in a society where a new problem arises every day. If it is not the feminist, then it is the politics, or it is another threat on war.
All three points combined bring us to where we are currently. A population that is growing rapidly and an earth that is dying rapidly.
We are currently roughly approaching 7,65 billion people on earth (www.worldometers.info), and it is estimated that every 2-3 seconds a new child is born. Even though the greatest population growth took place between 1965 and 1970 peaking at 2,06%, we are still growing by 1,18% per year as of 2010. This percentage is predicted to decline further during the 21st century.
Some of the leading causes according to Kinder (1998), of the Yale-New Haven Teachers institute, in population growth are food production distribution, improvement in public health and the conquest of disease.

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Food production distribution refers to the way in which farms have develop and improved agricultural practices to produce more food. With science and technology this industry has boomed over the last couple of years.
Improvement in public health refers to the way in which the human takes himself out of poverty by being provided with basic needs such as food, water and housing.
Conquest of diseases refers to the health sciences that has better themselves in the fight against diseases and famine.
This being the case we can conclude that at the moment the current global growth numbers are reducing, even though it may not be fast enough, it is coming down. If it is sustainable, the indirect answer is no. If the global growth rate plato’s for a reason it will not be sustainable. There will not be enough basic needs to go around. The direct answer may be a little more philosophical in that, that the answer is maybe. We can only predict but we can’t know for sure if it will be sustainable or not.
3. South-Africa’s population GrowthAccording to the website, www.statssa.gov.za the mid-year population is estimated to have increase to 57,73 million in 2018, representing an overall increase of 1,55% between 2017 and 2018.
26574752286000It is projected by the econometric models of Trading Economics that South Africa’s population will trend at about 60 million people by the year 2020. This projection reiterates the point% per year is taking place in South Africa.
South Africa is currently experiencing one of its highest unemployment rates that it has ever seen. With that being said, we must also take into consideration that South Africa is a safe haven for a lot of African Countries refugees. If we look at the three factors that are distinguished for the leading causes of population growth e.g. food production distribution, improvement in public health and the conquest of disease, South Africa doesn’t meet two of them. Thus, drawing a conclusion that it is not sustainable. South Africa can’t provide the basic needs to every citizen or human living within its borders. With the land expropriation without compensation we have seen a steep decline that is taking place in the food production distribution.

The South African government needs to stop with land expropriation without compensation and focus their attention on simple basic needs. They need to empower the farmer, inclusive of all races, to teach others on how to farm and not just take the farm and give it to someone with less experience.
South Africa currently provides RDP’s houses to the less fortunate, this is a good initiative, but it needs to be controlled more as the admin is a fiasco leading to overpopulating of a house which then in return cause diseases etc.
South Africa also has a nutritional health and food drive. This also being a solution needs to be better administrated and only people wo are really in need must benefit from this program.
4. ConclusionIf we look at where science, technology and society fit in the scope of the human population, we do have the means to make the earth a sustainable model for all human life on earth. This however needs to be done with the utmost dedication, no mismanagement and with respect to make it work.

5. Bibliographyhttp://teachersinstitute.yale.edu/curriculum/units/1998/7/98.07.02.x.html
http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/
http://www.statssa.gov.za/?p=11341 23 July 2018
https://tradingeconomics.com/south-africa/population/forecast

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