Citizenship education can be defined as educating youngsters, from early childhood, to become clear – thinking and open – minded citizens who are involved in decisions concerning society . As such the teaching and learning of citizenship education should actively engage students in the learning process. An integrated approach to teaching and learning allows children to pursue learning in a holistic way, without the restrictions often imposed by subject boundaries. John Dewey claimed that learning could be more meaningful if content areas are blended for curriculum and instruction. The use of unifying themes and real – life activities could lead to more relevant learning (Dewey, 1938; New, 1992) .
The integrated approach could play a fundamental role in the teaching and learning of citizenship education by helping students to integrate school, lesson and real life with each another and also helping the educators to construct interesting lesson, which covers different areas of development at same time. Furthermore, as stated in the NCF (Primary), “the teaching of values will be carried out through drama, drawing, painting, collage, story – telling and by enacting real life experiences” (NCF 2015, p.103). Consequently, adopting an integrated approach in the learning of citizenship education could be beneficial in bringing the desired transformation in behaviour and values among the pupils at primary school level.
For the purpose of this assignment, using the integrated approach, I have selected one topic from the History and Geography subject area and designed two strategies that could be used in the teaching and learning of citizenship education at primary level.
Strategy 1: Role – play (Drama)
This activity will be an opportunity for the pupils to express themselves and learn more about the cultural festivals celebrated by their classmates. It is also a time to exchange with the pupils about respecting each and everyone’s religion and culture. Various cases of non – respect of others’ religion and culture have been reported in Mauritius and this could cause prejudice to the peace and harmony of the country. Therefore, using the strategy of role – play will help students to learn more about the importance of respecting others’ cultural beliefs, when they are performing. It has been found that role – playing increases the efficacy of the learning experience and makes it more grounded in reality (Pierce ; Middendorf, 2008).
Strategy 2: Poster about promoting unity in diversity (Visual Arts)
This activity will be an opportunity for the pupils to express their understanding concerning the importance of respecting the different cultural festivals celebrated by their classmates and at the same time their cultural beliefs and religions. Since, at school we live this multiculturalism, learners should be able to respect and value the religion and culture of their classmates, teachers, and other staff in the school environment. Thereafter, through drawing as a strategy, they would be able to show this respect for diversity in the society since we could hear about the various cases of non – respect of others’ religion and culture have been reported in Mauritius and this could cause prejudice to the peace and harmony of the country.