Community based corrections in the united states, is an effective way of supervising and punishing a convict or those awaiting conviction. In the correction system it is considered a non incarceration system. Many of the offenders that have gone through the community based system previous to entering jail, as well as some serving part of their sentence, then entering into the community based system.
Over the course of the years, alternatives such as the community based corrections began to boom over the states. As it becomes more predominant in states to start using less of the strict ways of supervision as well as treatment, it start to become more clear that treatment programs are a viable and strong part of the correction system for offenders. The treatment programs help create and sustain safety through the balancing of community based corrections and secure detention. This is because it helps to reduce overcrowding in prisons and jails, which then correlates to a reduction in violence. Community based corrections are programs that are created to stray the offenders away from the possibility of incarceration, by then giving the opportunity to alternatives to those convicted, which then stops the process of overcrowding. There to support and integrate offenders in society while serving part of their sentence and being watched during their activities. These community based corrections are consisted of programs such as re-entry programs, parole, as well as probation. Programs such as probation and parole are always community based corrections.
Community based corrections have grown and accepted in the years as a direct response in correlation to the growing costs of correctional facilities in the United States. The increased use of the community based settings is predominantly due to the fact that they are lower in costs, and that they
thought to be more effective than the traditional prisons and jails. Shown that the shorter periods of control in which the convicts are set in, the more effective it is that there will be less of a future for criminalistic behavior to reoccur in that convict.
Once let out of prison or jail, the psychological mindset can divert one from their personal interests of normal society. This causes the the ex-convict to re offend or lead themselves back into the type of society they got themselves into when they were convicted. That adjustment comes with time and effort within the correctional system to allow convicts to be able to be re integrated back into society. Allowing them to partake in activities involved with their communities can prevent them from causing harm to the society they are re-entering. With this the correlation between allowing those who are on probation or parole to do these things can have a tremendous effect. These types of things aren’t to just protect those who it is personally affecting their own lives, but to protect those around them in society, to make it a better and safer environment. So the mission of community based corrections should not be to maintain secure, orderly and affordable prisons, but to improve on the public safety issues by putting in more contribution to the transition of inmate.
In an article written by the Ralph C. Serin for the National institute of corrections, he gives example of inmate transition:
“Beyond simply attending to policy interests and mission statements, improved transition from prison to the community has major practical implications. For instance, nearly 600,000 individuals are released annually from US prisons. Of the 459,000 US parolees who were discharged from community supervision, 42% were returned to incarceration (11% with a new sentence, 31% in some other way2 ) (Bureau of Justice Statistics 2001)” (Serin) … “Notably, when prison inmates are released to community
supervision, continuity between their prison programs and community re-entry plans, yields reduced re-offense rates (Broome, Simpson, & Joe, 2002). As well, the same strategies that are successful in reducing prison misconducts” (Serin).