Egypt is a country of “everyday piety”. The main religion of Egypt is Islam. The overwhelming majority of the population (95%) proclaims Sunni Islam. Several thousand people are Shiites. Some of them are Sufis. Modern Sufis of Egypt are young, educated men who are building their professional careers.
In ancient Egypt there were a very large number of gods. Each city had its own pantheon or ennead – there are some main deities that people worshiped. However, for the first time such an ennead appeared in the city of Heliopolis (Heliopolis). It has been known since the time of the Early Kingdom, that is, from the sources of Egyptian civilization.
This is the supreme ancient Egyptian deity who represented the sun. After the creation of the world, Ra began to reign over him, and this was the most gracious time for people. The power of God was in his mysterious name. Other celestials wanted to know this name in order to obtain the same strength, but the sun god did not tell anyone.
This deity personified an air space illuminated by the sun. Shu was the son of Ra, and when he ascended into heaven, he began to reign instead of him. He ruled the sky, the earth, the mountains, the winds, the seas
This deity also belonged to the main gods of Ancient Egypt. Tefnut – the goddess of heat and moisture.
Geb is the god of the earth, son of Shu and Tefnut. He married his own sister Nut – the goddess of heaven – and this couple had children: Osiris, Isis, Seth, Nephthys.
She lifted the dead into the sky and guarded the tombs of the dead. It was portrayed as a woman with a curved body.
The Goddess Isis
The Goddess was considered the goddess of fertility, symbolized motherhood and femininity. The Egyptians believed that the Nile flooded when Isis crying, mourning for her husband Osiris, who left her and left to rule the kingdom of the dead.
The largest Christian community in the Middle East – Coptic Christians in Egypt, consider themselves not as a cultural or ethnic minority, but by the Egyptians, whose ancestors, the pre-Arab population of Egypt adopted Christianity in the first centuries.
Also in Egypt are very common associations of mystics (Sufi brotherhoods). These groups of men, under the leadership of the sheikh or hierarchy of the sheiks, are directed to help their brethren achieve allegorical experience of union with God. This mystical experience is often achieved through collective rituals.
1. The oldest local totemism turned into the cult of a local god, either manifested in the image of an animal, or an anthropomorphic, often with the presence of somorphic elements.
2. The second-born soon becomes the central figure of myths emerging about him, cycles of local mythology arise
3. The local god is a demiurge, the creator of the gods and the world, he is above all other gods
4. around the god of the local center, the gods of the settlements subordinate to this local center are grouped. The heavenly hierarchy reflects the earthly, the real. The groupings in the form of a triad are widely distributed: the god-father, the goddess-mother, the god-son, but there were also more numerous