Every job in the world needs its own specific tools. In the tool box of students, teachers and researchers, the most important tool may appear to be note-taking. By definition, taking notes implies comprehending either a written document or a lecture and recording information by writing it down . Initially, the debates centred on whether note-taking resulted in the improvement of student learning abilities. Over the years, researchers have tried to verify that note-taking helps students improve their learning abilities and verify that note-taking helps students “encode” the information involved and can be used as a valuable material for review. Nevertheless, there has not been a solid conclusion as researchers are still hoping that further research may uncover more benefits associated with note-taking. According to (Castello and Monereo 2005), note-taking is the hegemonic study activity and, in many cases, the main ground for education interaction between teacher and student. The findings have led to a growing interest in researching on the impacts of notetaking on academic performance or learning. In broad terms, three lines of research have been developed in the last 40 years: the effects of note-taking and note-rewriting on some cognitive variable (attention, memory, comprehension, and so on), the inter-connection between quality of notes and review and the variations in the teaching techniques which may improve note-taking . Note- taking is something essential for all those who deal with study as food, water and air are for humans’ lives. There exists the need to conduct such a study on note-taking due the benefits, advantages and importance that it offers for both students, teachers and even researchers. People take notes to study for examinations, to prepare a technical talk and to record the minutes of work meetings. All note taking essentially involves the writing or mind mapping of information generally for later visit. Such a record constitutes a stable external memory that is intended to help to plan future activities, to learn, to think or to create. Thus, it is important to understand this common activity for both theoretical and practical reasons . The process of taking notes in itself is beneficial for learning because it serves two purposes which is encoding of content, which is potentially enhanced by taking notes, and storage of information for which is helpful at a later point when a student reviews the material. During lecture, students must decide which information to integrate into their working memory and which information to store into their long-term memory to be retrieved in the future. This information is what should be recorded in students’ notes. This reports objective is to examine the related works on notetaking focusing on the significance of how note taking aids in learning by exploring the various assumptions surrounding the topic.