Facts about Amazon Rainforest 1- Amazon rainforest is more than 50 million years old

Facts about Amazon Rainforest
1- Amazon rainforest is more than 50 million years old.
2- Amazon rainforest gives about 80% of the total food we eat.
3- If Amazon was country it would have ranked 9th largest country in the world.
4- Amazon Rainforest includes the area of more than 5.5 million square kilometers.
5- The Amazon pours around 55 million gallons of water into the Atlantic Ocean every second.
6- Amazon rainforest is the largest of all tropical forests in the world.
7- 20% of the oxygen on our planet is produced by the humid Amazon tropical forests.
8- Amazon is known as ‘lungs of the planet.’
9- The size of the Amazon rainforest is nine times the size of Texas.
10- The largest fish in the world – Pirarucu, reaching sizes (up to 2.5 m in length) and having a record weight of 250 kg was caught in the basins of Amazon River.
11- The tallest in the Amazon forest is Kapok tree.
12- There are numerous native tribes who live in Amazon forest; they have no contact with civilization.
13- If there is a three-degree rise in temperature then it will destroy 75% of Amazon rainforest.
14- Amazon rainforest is located in territories of nine countries- Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.
15- It is estimated that 2.5 million species of insects live in the Amazon basin.
16- Brazil takes the largest share, around 60% of the rainforest.
17- There are about 3,000 varieties of fruits found in Amazon rainforest.
18- Amazon Rainforest is home to more than 40,000 plant species.
19- Due to deforestation, all most 137 spices of plants, animals, and insects become extinct every day.
20- Henry Ford built a city in the Amazon rainforest to harvest rubber. But now it is a ghost town.
21- There are no bridges over Amazon River.
22- There is species of butterflies that drink the tears of turtles.
23- 20% of world’s birds live in Amazon Rainforest.
24- The soil of Amazon is not fertile enough, that’s why people living there have to move very often
25- The Toucan bird is the largest creature in the Amazon.
26- The floor of Rainforest is very dark, only 1% of sunlight reaches the ground.
27- In the year 2005 and 2010 Amazon suffered drought, a huge amount of vegetation was affected due to it.
28- There are 500 species of mammals and 300 species of reptiles.
29- There are approximate 250,000 Amazon natives.
30- Amazon tribes speak 170 different languages.
31- Amazon has many dangerous species of snakes, spiders, and animals.
32- It takes 10 minutes to reach rain to the ground because trees are so tightly packed.
33- Amazon Rainforest receives 243 centimeters of rain ever year and 50% of is returned to the atmosphere through evaporation.
34- 1 in 10 of all the world’s plant and animal species are found in the Amazon Rainforest.
35- According to scientists, every second about half a hectare of the rainforest disappears, because of the developing industry of neighboring countries.
36- Recently, the species of blind underground ants found in the Amazon and it is considered a direct descendant of the very first species of ants.
37- One hectare of Amazon forest has more than 750 types of tree, and 1,500 types of plants.
38- From the point of view of the water flow, the Amazon River is more than the next 8 largest rivers of the planet combined.
39- In the Amazon and its tributaries, there are over 2 thousand different species of fish.
40- The number of species of fish that live in this region exceeds the number of species of fish in whole Europe.
41- If deforestation will continue at the same rate then we will lose Amazon rainforest in 40 years.
42- About 1/4 of medicine we have today is from Amazon and it is only from 1% of examined trees from there.
43- From the Amazon River to the Atlantic, there is so much fresh water that almost 150 kilometers of salt water desalt the ocean.
44- The structure of forest includes 4 layers, each of which has a unique ecosystem with its inherent flora and fauna.
45- Five centuries ago, in the Amazonian tropics, lived about 10 million Aborigines.
46- There are many plants on Amazon that are known to have anti-cancerous properties.
47- Amazon has such huge diversity that it is believed that ants on one bush are more than the entire British Isles.
48- On the territory of these forests there live such endangered species of animals and birds as the golden lion Tamarin, as well as the Hyacinth macaw (parrot).
49- In the waters of the Amazon, a fish called Arapaima weighs about 136 kilograms. It is covered with a sturdy relief scale, the multi-layered composite structure, which allows it to survive in an environment of piranhas.
50- There is a theory that the Amazon is actually a giant orchard left from a civilization that flourished in this area about 3,000 years ago.
51- The daily flow of the Amazon is equal to the water supply, which is enough to use the entire city of New York for 12 years.
52- Most of the water in the Amazon is formed because of the annual snow melting in the Peruvian Andes.
53- Many plants of forest grow to gigantic proportions. For example, tropical lilies on the water.
54- Martin Strel was the first man to swim the entire length of Amazon River. It took him 66 days to travel.
55- Some species of ants of Amazon are known for raiding neighboring colonies and taking other ants into slavery.
56- Under the Amazon flows another river called Rio Hamza. It is of the same length as Amazon but much wider than it.
57- Once the Amazon started flowing into the Pacific Ocean, but then changed its direction in the opposite direction.
58- In Amazon Forest, a microscopic fungus is found which can survive by eating plastic.
59- On Amazon, there is the largest river island in the world – Marajo.
60- The rainforest is very humid and has a larger temperature difference between day and night than between seasons.


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