As the name suggests, a fast food refers to easily prepared foods which are served in restaurant and snack bars. Most of these foods are quick meals which can either be consumed within the restaurants or be taken away to be eaten from somewhere else, for example homes. Despite of being quick to cook hence saving time and probably the fuel used to cook, fast foods been associated with lots of negative influence to an extent it has currently become a societal issue of concern. The following essay will be discussing why individuals should refrain from consuming fast foods by identifying the dangers in which people become exposed once they consume fast foods for long periods. Most of these impacts are on the health of humans, hence, making this issue even more serious.
Fast foods have lots of negative impacts within the different systems of the body. The first system that will be discussed is the digestive and cardiovascular system. It is important to note that fast foods contain lots of carbohydrates without fiber (Bassett & Frieden, 2008). Once they reach into the digestive system, they are broken down into glucose which is then released into the blood stream. Consumption of heavy amounts of fast foods, therefore, leads into more glucose within the blood hence forcing the pancreas to respond by releasing insulin. Insulin performs a major role of retaining blood sugar into the normal balance. More and more consumption leads into falter insulin response and once the blood sugar level cannot be controlled anymore, type 2 diabetes becomes the end result (Pereira & Ludwig, 2005). Diabetes has become a major chronic condition affecting a large of people; in the developed nations where most these fast foods are consumed on regular intervals, diabetes has gradually increased with many patients being diagnosed of this chronic condition. An increase in blood sugar levels also leads to weight gain and this is the main reason as to why people who frequently consume fast foods gain much weight.
Secondly, most fast foods contain numerous amounts of sugar and fat. For instance, a twelve ounce can of soda is estimated to have 8 teaspoons of sugar. These added sugars means the human body will have consume extra calories and also have little nutrition. People who eat fast foods daily as their main meals suffer from malnutrition and this is due to the low content nutritional values that is associated with fast foods (Niemeier & Wing, 2006). Trans fat is normally found in fried pies, pizza dough, cookies and crackers is not good to humans’ health. In fact, there is no amount which has been set to determine the safe amount of Trans fat in which the human body should consume. Consuming foods which contain this type of fat increases the bad cholesterol within the body while at the same time reducing the good cholesterol within the body. This in the end increases the chances of an individual having heart conditions and type 2 diabetes.
Fast foods have several impacts on the respiratory system. As stated previously, fast foods lead to excess calories being found within the body which in the end lead to weight gain. Weight gain in turn leads to obesity, which is the main issue that causes lots of respiratory issues. Once an individual becomes obese, the risk of being subject to various respiratory diseases increases. For instance, obesity may increase the chances of becoming asthmatic; obesity may also lead to people experiencing shortness of breath. The extra weight gained also puts into pressure the lungs and heart and that is why obese people find it difficult to breathe when walking, jogging, exercising and climbing stairs.
The central nervous system may also be affected by fast food consumption in various ways. It is crucial to know the role in which the brain as an organ plays within the central nervous system. The brain acts as the main server upon which all information are processed and exchanged. Fast food impact the brain by creating depression. These types of food have a tendency to satisfy someone for a short while in the long-term, the results are negative. People who consume fast foods ultimately end up feeling hungry, a condition which in the end results to depression. It has been confirmed that 51% of people who consume fast foods end up into depression as a result of hunger. Depression degrades the brain thus negatively influencing its work within the central nervous system (Fleischhacker, Evenson, Rodriguez ; Ammerman, 2011).
The reproductive system is another human body system that suffers whenever high amounts of fast foods are consumed. The ingredients in junk foods may have certain impacts on one’s fertility due to phthalates, a chemical found in most processed foods. These chemicals are responsible in interrupting how hormones react within the body and this in the end leads to reproductive problems and also birth defects.
In conclusion, it is important to avoid fast foods as part of our daily diets. We cannot do away with fast foods completely as they are sweet and also offer employment opportunities for other people. The best thing which must be done is to lower the consumption of these types of foods. Consuming them in low amounts may not result into the above discussed impacts. If a person cannot fully avoid fast foods, then, it is paramount to reduce their intake so as to avoid the above discussed serious health conditions which otherwise lead to premature deaths.