Human-forced climate change and ongoing environmental degradation leading to land conversion

Human-forced climate change and ongoing environmental degradation leading to land conversion, habitat loss and fragmentation threaten the future of the world’s biodiversity (Thomas et al., 2004; Hoffmann et al., 2010). The synergy between different threatening processes, whereby the presence of one exacerbates the effects of another, has been implicated in past biodiversity declines and extinction events (Lorenzen et al., 2011), yet little is known about how and where the interaction between habitat loss and fragmentation and climate change (hereafter, HLF–CC interaction) will impact ecosystems or species (Brook et al., 2008). This knowledge gap limits the identification of effective conservation responses in regions that have experienced, are experiencing, or are expected to experience both.
Habitat loss poses as the greatest threat to species; habitats in the world continue to disappear as they are harvested or destroyed for human consumption and cleared to make way for housings, roads and industrial development. According to an associate professor of ecology and evolutionary biology and director of the Yale Program Spatial Biodiversity Science ; Conservation, Walter Jetz(2015) that the relationship between the size of an area and its species richness has been considered one of the few law-like ecological relationships and has been used by conservationist to gauge potential extinctions as habitable area is lost. Environment species gives a quite impact to their circle of habitat. It can have a variety of outcome; it may be a source of living for the survival of other animals or to humans. One consequence of globalization is that in addition to products and people moving across the globe, wildlife species has been transported as well. Transporting species to other parts of the globe may have the reason for entertainment and for academic purposes to scientists. Introducing a species to a new environment may have a negative impact, because of lack of proper food sources combined with the wrong climate.

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