Human rights are those rights of a person that is very fundamental to his / her existence and cannot be created nor curtailed by any government

Human rights are those rights of a person that is very fundamental to his / her existence and cannot be created nor curtailed by any government. In other words, it is any right that an individual is entitled merely due to the fact that he is a human. The fundamental assumption behind human rights is that every person has the right to be treated with dignity. Furthermore, these rights are universal ie. they are applicable to all humans (PR Baehr, 1999, TM Fran, 2001, W. Talbott, 2005). The main argument of the essay is to understand if the right not to be tortured an inalienable human right, which means that this right is not subject to be taken away from the possessor at any given time. There exist various school of thoughts with regards to this argument – wherein few are supportive of the torture (regardless of the morals and ethical issues) whereas few are completely against it. The discussions below take us through series of these arguments. As per Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) declared by the United Nations Convention against Torture, it is clear that no individual should be subjected to any sort of inhuman or degrading treatment (G. Jaunius, 2010). In other words, no individual should be subjected to a treatment that causes or leads to fear, anxiety, pain, grief, suffering or humiliation in any manner. Such treatments should be immediately curbed as they violate human rights. Torture should be avoided due to reasons based on pure principle and reasons due to bad consequences of torture. This can be illustrated by the following example: In some societies, people are made to change their views and beliefs by torturing them till they abandon their own set of beliefs and values and adapt to the belief systems of the torturer. Furthermore, torture questions the very power of dignity of a person. Relating this to human rights and as mentioned by G. Steven, 2015, the right to freedom from torture can be considered as an absolute right which means that it can never be justifiable enough to torture someone in any way, howsoever emergent the condition might be. The other school of thought believes that torture becomes necessary at times when getting information is very essential, which is discussed in detail later.

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I'm Barry!

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