In the XI century. BC. e. During the Late Kingdom (XI-VI centuries BC), Egypt was in great danger. The struggle between the priests and Pharaoh undermined the power of the country. The independence of the Nomarchs increased. Everywhere uprisings of farmers, artisans and slaves.
Taking advantage of the weakening of Egypt, from the west, from the deserts, the Libyans began to move in, the “peoples of the sea” landed in the Delta , cruel and ruthless robbers. The Egyptian state was still able to repel the invaders, but its forces were exhausted. The country gradually lost the captured neighboring lands: Phenicia, Syria, Palestine separated from Egypt.
“Peoples of the sea” – perhaps it is the Aegeans – inhabitants of the islands of the Aegean Sea, and the Achaeans are inhabitants of the western coast of Asia Minor (modern Turkey). Material from http://worldofschool.ru
On the throne, pharaohs often replaced – many of them were killed but ordered by the priests. The central government has weakened. Around 1050 BC. e. a single state broke up into two parts – Lower and Upper Egypt. In the south, the all-powerful Theban priests reigned, and the Libyans founded their dynasty in the Delta.
Over time, Egypt was conquered by the Assyrians, and in 525 BC. e. – Persia. The independent state of Egypt for a long time ceased to exist.