In this paper

In this paper, the topic of juvenile court system will be discussed. The juvenile court define by Merriam-Webster is a court that has special jurisdiction over delinquent and dependent children usually up to the age of 18. (p.482/intro c/j)Ending the 1800’s, a number of institutions where developed as a result to terrible children. The existing problem was homelessness, waywardness, abuse, neglect, and criminal behavior; showed a great deal of difficulty to resolve. A reform group called the child savers, advocated for a new institution to help with the trouble youth.
The Juvenile Court Act of 1899 presented the juvenile court broad of Chicago power over youth under the age of 16 that were neglected, dependent, or delinquent. The court was setup in the act to first be overseen by a special judge, second for the hearings to be held in a separate courtroom, and third to separate records to be kept of juvenile hearings. According to Bohm and Haley (2002), “In practice, the informality of the juvenile court allowed complaints against children to be made by almost anyone in the community. It also allowed juvenile court hearings to be held in offices, instead of in traditional courtrooms, and to be closed to the public, unlike criminal trials, which were open to the public”(p.483). Juvenile courts resolved many cases informally and used probation as the disposition of first resort for the vast majority of delinquents. Juvenile court legislation and practice systematized and expended the use of probation as an alternative to institutions for younger offenders.

x

Hi!
I'm Dora

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out
x

Hi!
I'm Barry!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out