Rural development refers to the bettering and improvement in the quality of life for people living in rural areas and the improvement of the economic position of rural areas. It seeks to better the standard of living in non- urban neighborhoods. These areas are the areas in the outskates of a country. This is the area outside towns and outside cities. Rural areas have a lower population growth and access to facilities such as education, welfare, housing, good sanitation, water isn’t as favorable as the urban areas. Various factors contribute to development in rural areas.
Importance of agriculture in rural development
Agriculture plays a critical role in rural development as it helps eradicate hunger and pverty. Three in every four people in developing countries such as Zambia live in the countryside. Majority of them depend on agriculture directly or indirectly in order to survive. Women especially play an important role in the production, processing and commercialization of food.
Development of agriculture makes a different in the lives of over a billion people mostly women and also contribute to economic growth while reducing poverty and eradicating food security. The European Union in particular justified the common agriculture policy (CAP) of the EU and the contribution it plays in creation of viable rural communities.
Ways Agriculture contributes to rural development
– Agriculture increases sustainability and productivity by investing in good practices of water management, irrigation and strengthening systems for small producers so they can access better seeds, pesticides and fertilizers it is possible to introduce production system that pay off. This therefore leads to better revenue and high crop yields
– There is better market access with support, farmers are able to become reliable and efficient suppliers for cities and local markets as well as emerging markets. By investing in small processing businesses that ass value and increasing revenue of the poor living in the country side, agriculture helps in making communities self-sufficient.
– Agriculture boosts better governance and capacity development through development of agriculture, communities are able to develop and establish better governance which boosts the overall performance of any country. It also boosts coordination between the civil societies, private sectors and the government to coordinate agriculture activities that will lead to high economic performance.
– Agriculture ensures that rural people become self-sufficient as they don’t have to rely on the government. They can dedicate their efforts in agriculture and use the revenue collected from the industry to come up with development projects.
– Through Agriculture, Rural communities are able to sustain themselves by creating employing eliminating the need of locals to travel to cities looking for employment. Through proper incentives and agricultural practices, rural development is inevitable. Precisely for this reason, all rural areas should be encouraged to actively participate in agricultural activities.