Introduction The main area of ethics or “moral philosophy” is mainly focused on definition and the concept of “right and wrong” and “good and bad” behaviour

Introduction

The main area of ethics or “moral philosophy” is mainly focused on definition and the concept of “right and wrong” and “good and bad” behaviour. Today`s philosophers typically divided the theories of ethics into three different theoretical categories; “Meta-ethics, normative ethics and applied ethics”. Meta-Ethics studies our moral ethics principles to discover the cause of “right and wrong” and answer the universal truth by focusing on the expression of individual’s feeling. “Normative” ethics focuses more on the real-world task to reach moral values. This may include the consequence of our behaviours such as our duties and our good habits towards others. Applied ethics is evolving in the real application of the ethical principle to look at the specific controversial subject since choosing an ethical action may give rise to various issues. Applied ethics typically divided into diverse fields, for instant occupational ethics, professional ethics, biomedical and environmental ethics etc.

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Ethical theories contribute to part of the decision-making framework for Decision Making “When ethics are in play” these principles represent the aspects from which individuals seek support as they make decisions. Every theory highlights diverse points for a different decision-making method or a decision rule, such as predicting the outcome and following one’s duties to others in order to reach, what the individual considers is “an ethically right decision”. In order to understand ethical decision-making, it is important for us to understand that not everyone makes decisions in the same way, by using the same message, or applying the same decision rules. Aristotle and Plato explained the morality as a type of interpretation. They attempted to give fundamental details of moral and civil virtues, by connecting one ethical principles to the others to summarise the main argument of moral as personal “happiness.” (Dworkin, 2011). Contemporary philosophers also use the terms “moral” and “ethical”, in differ way and they interpret Moral values how we “ought to treat others”, and how we “ought to live ourselves” (Dworkin, 2011).
In the philosophy of ethics, there are also four critical principles of ethics such as, “respect for autonomy” which means to respect others` choices and human dignity. “Beneficence” brings about good in every action, “Justice” is the obligation to treat others` equally and fairly and “Non-maleficence” which controls the amounts of harm caused. Furthermore, there are five main classes of ethical philosophies to discuss about ethical issues. Deontology, Utilitarianism, social justice and social contract theory, virtue ethical theory, and “right”. These are included with another important perspective such as feminist perception of ethics and general perspective of justice, in order to understand further an ethical principle. The purpose of this paper is to look over and compare the Deontological and Utilitarian theories in terms of their judgmental applications to actions of “the good life”

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