It is difficult to imagine the contemporary world without communication because communication plays a significant role in human life, and it is impossible to do without it, regardless of whether a person likes being alone or not. In simple words, communication is the transfer of information, ideas or feelings between two or more people. Without communication, formation of personal identity, fostering, intellectual development, accommodation to life is impossible. Communication is vital in the process of the maintenance of interpersonal relations, leisure, an emotional discharge, creativity and it is crucial for a separate individual and also for human communities as an integrated whole.
Subjects of communication are living beings, people. Communication is typical for any living creature, but only at the level of a person, the process of communication becomes conscious, connected by verbal and non-verbal acts. There should be at least two direct participants of communication, which are called the sender and the receiver. The addresser manages the language activity and makes for it many strategies, rules, operational systems. Third parties may also participate as observers or listeners. And their presence imposes its imprint on the nature of communication.
Communication is of great importance in the formation of the human psyche, its formation of intelligent, cultural behavior. By communicating with psychologically developed people, thanks to the broad possibilities for learning, a person acquires all higher cognitive abilities and qualities. Through active communication with the developed personalities, just a man becomes an individual.
What is more, communication can also be a goal. Every person needs contact in one way or another. On the one hand, it is a need for new impressions, feelings, knowledge. On the other side, it’s a necessity to share someone’s own experiences and thoughts. And the need for such information exchange for a person is no less urgent than the need for metabolism. Formation of the inner world of a man, his consciousness, feelings, knowledge is also possible only through communication between people. This is evidenced not only by examples of children who were deprived of full-fledged communication and were unable to develop. Even adults, if they are deprived for a long time of opportunities to communicate with themselves, may lose their previously acquired human qualities. For example, Bozeman A. Selkirk – the prototype Robinson Crusoe, who spent four years alone on a deserted island, not only forgot how to speak but also lost the ability to understand correctly what is happening to him.
Control and power almost always play a significant role in any communication. The impact of power upon communication is likely to increase for the better or the worse in communication. In most cases, authority and power impact negatively on the communication process. When individuals or groups of people meet, there is always a process of establishing a power relationship, which can be either conscious or unconscious. That does not mean that this process is bad or wrong because one party, for the most part, dominates communication and expects to have more control and accordingly the other side may accept the dominance. It is however also possible that the other company may be angered and disappointed by the other who seized power and may respond in actions which are not conducive for meaningful communication (boycott, attacking, etc.) It is especially necessary that the dominant party (culture group), whether really dominant or only perceived as authoritative, will take concrete and deliberate steps to enhance a more balanced experience of power in the interaction of the parties involved.
A few examples of power which usually influences the communication between individuals or groups are the status and position of the participants included in the community; the attitude of the majority of people concerning the group towards which the different participants belong (gender, youth, tribe, class, sexual orientation, etc.); the ability to speak a particular language or the ability to formulate and express oneself easily, logically and emotionally. Control and power almost always play a significant role in any communication. However, in most cases, authority and power impact negatively on the communication process.
Overall, communication is a tool with which people express their ideas and feelings and it undoubtedly plays a significant role in human life. A productive communication is a two-way process, but there are many factors which may obstruct this process and influence the general interpretation and understanding of what was discussed.
Considering all that has been said, communication is an inalienable and essential aspect of human existence, a prerequisite for the formation of a person as a social being capable of coexistence with oneself.