Management is a process of doing things or working with others to achieve the organizational goals effectively and efficiently.
Management is also called a deliberate process.
Managers are the people who oversee or look after the work performed by other people so that the organizational goal is achieved.
Managers can be at the top level, middle level, first line level and mangers that are close to employees who are doing action or managers performing the action.
Functions of managers:
Managers as Leaders
Managers when overseeing the work of others they have to be good leaders. When managers performing the function of leading, the managers have to do it regularly as it is a continuous process.
Leading is the function of management. It is a process of influencing others or working with people so that the organizational goals are accomplished.
A leader is a person who is at a managerial position he/she influences others in such a way that the organizational goals are achieved.
The different types of leadership styles are:
1. Authoritarian/autocratic leader
2. Democratic/participative leader
3. Paternalistic leader
4. Laissez faire/ free-rein leader
1. Authoritarian/autocratic leader-
An autocratic leader is a leader who gives orders to others or employees and he expects that the employees will obey those orders. An autocratic leader is a leader who does not want to change or wish to change. An autocratic leader will listen to the employee’s ideas, concerns but the decision will be of their own.
2. Democratic/participative leader-
An democratic leader is a leader who will make the important decisions or plans with discussing with his/her employees. In this leadership style, employees play a very important role. Most of the companies prefer democratic leadership style as the leaders have understood that the employees will perform better if they have their own way to perform the work and no one pressurizes them. The democratic leader respects the opinions and ideas of the employees as the employees perform the work and achieve the organizational goals.
3. Paternalistic leader-
A paternalistic leader is a leader who has the authority to give orders or make decisions to employees but the leader treats the employees as if they are the part of their family. A paternalistic leader is similar to autocratic leader but not in a negative way. The employee needs to be trust-worthy, obedient and loyal to his leader and it mainly focuses freshers.
4. Laissez fair/ free-rein leader-
A free-rein leader is a leader that has the powers and has the authority to make decisions but does not believe in giving orders or using the powers unless it is very important. The employees are given the opportunity to make the decisions on their own and they decide how to achieve the objectives. The manager is only there to give them the required resources and information and the employees have the responsibility to perform the work.