Mega cities are cities in metropolitan areas with the population at or exceeding 10 million. Globalisation took off during the industrial revolution in the late 18th century, attracting many people to migrate from rural areas to urban areas seeking for a better lifestyle. There are various challenges people face living in megacities located in developing countries. The challenges are all categorized into social, environmental and economic impacts. Housing, Air quality and Unemployment are the main challenges the populations of the megacities are facing.
Housing is hard as the rapid growth of population making it hard to accommodate all the people. This leads to homelessness, squatting and increasing of slums. Slums are chaotic and close knit natured. For instance 27% of Rio’s population live in favelas, and 30% of its population doesn’t have a proper sanitation system. The resolution to this problem is for the urban land to be divided into plots, these plots will then be equipped with ongoing basic support services such as electricity, water and sanitation.
The air quality is threatened by dust and smoke pollution contributes to respiratory illnesses, indoor
The International Labour Organisation promotes rights at work, fair and equal pay and the encouragement of employment.