Myra Estrin Levine is the woman behind the theory of the conservation model of nursing. Myra Estrin Levine was born in Chicago, Ilinois in 1920 (Ungvarsky, 2017). She was the oldest of three children and developed an interest in nursing after caring for her father who was unfortunately ill on many occasions (Ungvarsky, 2017
). After graduating from Cook County School of Nursing in 1944 she then obtained her BS in nursing from the University of Chicago in 1949 (Petiprin, 2016 ). Once Levine obtained her BSN, she decided to work as a private duty nurse as well as a civilian nurse for the US Army during World War ll (Ungvarsky, 2017).
Levine had a passion for nursing and therefore she created, the Four Conservation Prinicples of Nursing. Her model was built on idea of conservation meaning to “keep or hold together”. Levine ”referred to the human being’s ability to hold himself or herself together emotionally, mentally, and physically even when facing significant challenges to mind or body” (Ungvarsky, 2017). Her goal was to promote adaptation and maintain wholeness using the principles of conservation. The “model guides nurses to focus on the influences and responses at the level of the organism” ( Petiprin, 2016). Nurses accomplish the theory’s goal through the conservation of energy, structure, and personal and social integrity together all in one (Petiprin).