NAME

NAME: MOTAUNG B. E
STUDENT NO: 31112498
MODULE CODE: HIRL 123
LECTURER: MR K.MOLOPE
ASSIGNMENT TOPIC: NO.6, in the study of International relations, Africa is characterized as inferior. Agree or disagree with the statement and provide relevant examples to support your point of view
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CONTENT PAGE NUMBER
1.Introduction 1
2.Expression of the Westphalian narrative 1
3.Example 1
4.Objectives of Eurocentric paradigms 2
5.Example 2
6.European hegemonic power in Africa 2
7.Example 2
8. Conclusion 2
9 List of references 2

Introduction
Generally speaking, I agree with the statement, which imposes the study International relations that characterizes Africa as inferior. It is because, the Western indoctrination, which is portrayed as the Westphalian state system that perpetuated the development of colonization. Which marginalized the African continent and perceived of difference, as of deviance from the continent’s globalism. Thus, one can think of neo-imperialism, neo-colonialism that has preoccupied the great power of hegemony of the Western superiority.

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Expression of the Westphalian narrative
Firstly, the Westphalian narrative of 1648, turned into a compass of the International relations studies. Which concerned the illustration that sustained Europe as being the capable state that has been equipped with control over others. In particular, states such as Africa, Burkina Faso, Coterie Ivo ire which is known as Ivory Coast. Thus Europe being in its Eurocentric dominion, within the global hypothesis, ascribes itself as the locus state of the international relations. And indeed, the global principle which is ‘international theory’ acts as a tool that legitimizes the Anglo-American imperialism in International studies. (Awolowo, O, 1997).

Example
For instance, colonization in Africa entailed those compel feeding for African materials, to be under the Western driven structures .Which has been the Eurocentric fabrications or texts. It does subjugates Africa to post out for help or support from, its former colonial masters such Europe, France alternately Germany. It comes into consideration to one’s mind, that the dynamics of the contemporary African societies, has been disputed to erroneous norm. In particular, the same phenomenon which is colonization, produced distinct system in Africa that brought about, exotic challenges in African societies (Clampham, 1996:77).

Objectives of Eurocentric paradigms
Secondly, the Europeans were armed with Eurocentric pedagogies, which planted the Western training in Africa. Which consequently, made Eurocentric researchers to regularly disregard the African commitment towards the field. This might have an endeavor, to defend the Western driven dominion in the international studies. For example the Western education versa ‘is Christianity in Africa that brought about the interdisciplinary indoctrination of the field. It displayed the fate of the West to bringing predominance over Africa. Thus, colonialism included both the material and enslavement of the colonized, which was the African independent states that emancipated themselves from the neo-colonialism (Awolowo. O 1997)
Example
For example, in particular to the Western education versa ‘is Christianity in Africa. For a period of about 1000 years ago, after the British bombardment of Lagos (1851), the continent applied the Eurocentric educational curriculum within its system of education. This era, witnessed the writing of the African history through the lenses of European traders, travelers, missionaries and adventures, who sought to justify the European imperialism in Africa. (Awolowo, 1997)
European Hegemonic power in Africa
Lastly, the position of Europe being powerful and strong that it was able to take control over Africa, it resulted to the Western centric hegemony in the global affairs of the world. It comes into mind or one can say it is clear that the West diverged the customs or norms of the African societies. Therefore Africans preoccupied themselves with the western paradigms. For Africans to preoccupy themselves with the western paradigms, it is because, Africa was cited as being ‘pre-modern’ while other states were appraised as ‘modern’, being modernized because of European fabrications.

Example
For instance, when France aligned itself to Burkina Faso for the natural resources it had under the administration of Captain Thomas Sankara. Thus Burkina Faso became a colony under France. Consequently, Captain Sankara was assassinated for fighting for the rights of the society.

Conclusion
I would like to conclude, by stating that indeed the study IR characterized Africa as inferior because of the crucial phases it went through. In particular to the neo-colonialism that was perpetuated to Africa during the 1600’s.Thus Africa became under deviance of difference by which it became marginalized and the continent’s globalism was rarely acknowledged. In particular, to the West indoctrination, which was the Westphalian system that undermined the African commitment towards the field.

REFERENCE LIST
Awolowo, O.1977. The Problems of Africa: The Need for Ideological Re-appraisal. Kwame Nkrumah memorial lecture series. London: Macmillan.

Brown, W. 2006. Africa and International Relations: A Comment on IR Theory, Anarchy and Statehood. Review of International Studies 32: 119–43.

Chase-Dunn, C. 2010. Globalization from Below: Toward a Democratic Global Commonwealth. Journal of Globalization Studies 1(1): 46–57.

Clampham,1996.Africa and International system:The Politics of state survival.pg 77

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