Nowadays

Nowadays, English is widely regarded as a world language, and it has played an important role in Thai education for more than a century. Therefore, parents who want to maintain their heritage languages and introduce a second languages as well, raise their children to be bilingual. The ability to speak more than one language is more than just a social advantage. It improves cognitive skills and fights certain mental diseases.
Raising our children to be bilinguals can help them to be open to difference and to get along with people of other cultures. Bilingual children are usually more adaptable to new environments and have the ability to connect with others across multiple cultures. Elahi (2017) claims that having cultural experience also creates greater tolerance and open-mindedness. Learning a different language can make bilinguals more aware of cultural differences, they also come to understand why those differences exist and the importance of respecting cultures different from their own. Therefore, bilingual individuals have the opportunity to engage and be a part of two different and diverse communities without feeling excluded.
Speaking a second language can greatly help children enhance their cognitive development. When someone knows multiple languages, both of those languages are active in the brain simultaneously, and they must mentally separate them when thinking or speaking. A study by Northwestern University (2014) explains that in order to operate in one language or another, bilingual individuals are accustomed to tasking their brain to switch back and forth between language systems. Because of this, bilingual kids tend to be better problem solvers. They have better memories and are able to recall things more quickly. Thus, this ability indicates that once they know two languages, they have a greater ability to acquire a third language or beyond.
Bilinguals are better listeners than monolinguals, since they can understand and analyze sounds more quickly and with more complexity than people whose brains have not had the constant bilingual stimulation. Krizman (2012) reveals that encoding ability helps the brain become more efficient at processing audio information. As bilinguals develop, their brain gets smarter about sorting sounds out: which ones are useful, and which ones are pleasant. It is surprising that bilinguals with strong audio encoding skills will be better multitaskers, especially when using speaking or listening skills. They are also more likely to have a good sense for musical pitch, which has obvious usefulness for anyone who plays an instrument or sings. Finally, bilinguals are better at distinguishing between different types of sounds in two or more languages
Bilingualism can postpone the onset of Alzheimer’s symptoms compared to monolingual because learning a second language and speaking it regularly can improve your cognitive skills and delay the onset of dementia. Neurologists of Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care (2010) find that speaking more than one language keeps the brain in shape and bolsters mental function. Bilingual speakers could outperform single-language speakers in mental tasks such as editing out irrelevant information and focusing on important details. However, they caution that although bilinguals’ brains are better prepared to use alternate pathways when Alzheimer’s sets in, simply speaking two languages cannot prevent this symptom. Consequently, children who learn and often use a second language may benefit when they get older.
In conclusion, raising bilingual children can have its challenges, but offers many benefits. If your family speaks multiple native languages at home, it could be in your children’s best interest to make an extra effort to teach them those languages. In addition, learning language from their very beginning has had a great influence on children’s brain development and health.

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