One of the leading problem in our society is the improper waste disposal which leads to more uprising problems. Diseases such as Cholera, Dysentery and leptospirosis are illness which are known to be spread through contamination of water because of the said issue. Another example of a problem that may fruit because of this problem is soil contamination wherein it occurs when precarious chemicals come into contact with the soil and absorbed by plants which can be eaten by living organism including humans which will be a result of disease or even death (Torres, Julian “JT”, 2017). Mostly, countries who often face this issue are those who have a poor economy (Margat, Navia, Maneesha, Livya, 2018).
As one obvious fact to resolve this problem is through waste management. Waste management is the proper handling and dumping of garbage. It was also defined as the process of trash separation in which they are segregated according to their category and proper clearance (Eljack, 2018). It was also described as smart way of sorting waste into two categories which is the biodegradable and non-biodegradable (Singh, Rajkiran, n.d.).
The primary goals of sustainable waste management are to protect human health and the environment and also to conserve resources. Additional to that is to prevent the waste conflicts in the future (Brunner, 2013). As for these days, many process, methods and techniques of waste segregation and recycling are implemented to minimize the issue (Singh, Rajkiran, n.d.).
In accordance to RA 9003 of Solid Waste Management of the Philippines, there must be segregation of garbage and recyclable materials. Wrong management of waste results to the obvious tons of pollution present in our society.
According to Architect Felino A. Palafox, Jr. on March 8, 2018 in his uploaded article that our country’s economy is ordeal from a linear economy which means a “take, make, use and dispose” type of economy. He said along with corruption and lack of political will, our linear economy is one of the major reasons for environmental degradation. Architect Felino also stated that if we will do nothing about it, in due time, we may no longer enjoy the paradise of the Philippine island.
As what Amy R. Remo reported on her uploaded article on Philippine Daily Inquirer entitled “Addressing waste management woes in cities” last October 21, 2017 “Metro Manila, which is home to more than 12 million people, is certainly facing a huge environmental issue as the other megacities in Asia, given the difficulties that it has been facing in terms of waste collection and disposal.” Remo said.
An article in Rappler entitled “Metro Manila landfills full, unusable in 20 years?MMDA” states that in a report made by Metropolitan Manila Development Authority or MMDA attached to the 2016 Commission on Audit that was released on June 21, 2017 that Metro Manila is producing too much trash. “The waste generated by the National Capital Region increased by about 450,000 cubic meters, equivalent to some 75,000 truckloads of trash. The MMDA had to haul 10.72 million cubic meters of trash in 2016 compared to just 10.27 million cubic meters in 2015.” according to the report by the MMDA as stated in the article.
In an article uploaded online entitled “Ditch NIMBY to fix Philippines’ municipal solid waste problem” that was published on October 13,2017 conforms that presently about 35,000 tons of municipal solid waste are spawn by our country in daily means, and more than 8,600 tons per day in Metro Manila alone. A colossal percentage of the debris is blatantly scorched which results to worsening the quality of the city’s already heavily polluted air.
In an essay submitted by Jamal D. Mariga last September 5, 2013, methods of proper waste management are given. The first method is called garbage segregation wherein it is a process of dividing the garbage into the 3Rs, the “reduce”, “reuse” and “recycle”. The second method is recycling. Recycling is one of the most well-known and commonly used method in schools. It is the process of turning garbage into a new product and making it useful again. Lastly is the composting method. Composting method is a natural process of breaking down the materials into organic compounds that can be used into manure or fertilizers.
In another article written and uploaded by Architect Felino A. Palafox, Jr. last December 7, 2017 entitled “Ecological waste management”, he states that “The Philippines restricts the operation of open dumpsites but allows the operation of controlled dumps. Some wastes also end up in sanitary landfills, which is the most preferred kind of waste disposal site as it is designed and managed in such a way that the LGUs have control over important environmental impacts arising from the development and operation of the facility.”