Public Health Implications
The Clean Air Act has produced numerous ways to decrease pollution that yielded vast health benefits and saved lots of lives in the process. Its attention almost resulted in the entire removal of lead and dramatic drops in the other contaminants it controls. Although, the Clean Air Act has a weakness for “microclimates”. The microclimates comprise of lethal levels of contaminants that go beyond the federal standards. These areas contain toxins that can make asthma worse, escalate respiratory and cardiac fatalities, and intensify the risk for cancer. According to the article, low-income neighborhoods and areas of color are the more likely demographics to live in these polluted microclimate regions and experience health problems as the outcome (Clean Air Act, 2018). I think health is indistinguishably connected to climate change. For instance, if we do not reduce the amount of gas emissions into the atmosphere I believe the temperature will continue to rise and continue to cause health problems for everyone. Air quality affects climate change and climate change can affect many things that are important to life.
People affected the environment for at least five thousand years and as society became more developed, humans have added more toxins into the atmosphere (Human Impact on Environment, 2006). The history of air pollution can be traced all the way back to the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Air quality was first really affected when people were clearing land for agricultural purposes. As time went on and more land was cleared, and buildings were starting to get built the effect on air quality continued to worsen. The increase in human population also added to the number of contaminants released into the atmosphere. Furthermore, as civilizations began to become more intricate, the need for more advanced tools and methods was necessary. The more advanced methods that were needed like mining for energy sources and the development of several tools all impacted the air quality (Air Pollution History, 2013).
The primary effects on humans related to air quality can be physical and mental. For example, a 2013 study in China showed that brief contact with air contaminates is connected to acute respiratory infection (Air Pollution Health Risk, 2017). Most of the articles I have read regarding air contaminants associate it with the risk for respiratory health problems and cancer. Although, the effects of air pollution on mental problems is not openly discussed. One study suggests that ambient pollution in children can show substantial inflammation and main characteristics of Alzheimer and Parkinson’s disease (Air Pollution and you brain, 2015). Nevertheless, short-term and long-term exposure to air pollution can both affect public health in different ways.
Public Health Implications