When it comes to Australians who are suffering from homelessness there are many complications involved. In recent years there has been approximately 105,237 Australian citizens experiencing homelessness on census night in 2011. However, in the 2006 census there was 1 in 200 Australians which represents an increase of 17%, with the rate of homelessness in Australia growing from 45 per 10,000 to 49 per 10,000. Although, in recent years the population of homelessness within Australia has majorly increased by more than 14,000 – or 14% within five years prior to 2016 (ABC, 2018). Mental health, single parenting and refugees are the main problems to cause poverty in homelessness. No Australian nor anybody should have to suffer from this difficulty. The government should be doing a lot more in terms of education, not only for those who struggle to afford it, but for families to be able to identify and provide support for these people. Furthermore, funding should go towards those suffering with mental health issues, such as many services as possible provided for free, or health care service for mentally ill individuals to be heavily subsidised. Another way homelessness could be avoided and improved for those struggling would be to offer the opportunity to participate in a community activity or sporting events. This is represented in source 4 where it is stated that the more physical activity one performs, reduces physiological distress. Moreover, other ways to avoid homeless for single parents, refugees and those who suffer from mental health issues within Australia would include:
• Provide steady income, or financial support, for all single parents within Australia
• Inform students through schooling lectures about mental health issues
• Advertise free medical health care throughout the community, social media advertisements, brochures etc.
• Have a specific day, or week of the year dedicated to mental health awareness and associated fundraising campaign
• Set up community homes/cheaper housing opportunities specifically available for refugees coming to Australia
These are just some solutions that would help reduce the population of homeless in Australia.