The article is written by Nicholas Carr. He started it with the closing scene from Stanley Kubrick’s 2001: A Space Odyssey. It is when Dave apart the memory circuits that control HAL, the artificial brain of the ship. Carr feels that the time he spends online is making him no longer able to read more than a few paragraphs. Internet is very useful but it is changing the way of our brains to take informations. Carr compares himself in this article to a guy on a jetski instead of a deep-sea diver. He is no longer able to focus and contemplate. Carr shares the story of two bloggers that are also having problems in reading and focusing. He admits that while a recent study at University College of London suggests that there may be some evidence that the internet is negatively effecting the brain because there are no long-term studies have been done. Before, television was the main means of media but now, texting on cellphones and internet are what we mostly read. Maryanne Wolf, a developmental psychologist, believes that the ability for deep reading that was nurtured by the printing press is being weakened by the way the web puts emphasis on ease and speed of information. Online reading has created “mere decoders of information”, leaving a detachment in the interpretation of text. While language is instinctive, reading must be learned. Studies show that our mental circuitry is mapped differently when we learn via media and technology as opposed to reading printed material. Similarly Friedrich Nietzsche found that “our writing equipment takes part in forming of our thoughts.” When he started using a typewriter, his terse prose became even more concise. While it used to be believed that the human brain was fixed by adulthood, a neuroscientist named James Olds, notes that nerve cells are continually forming new connections and rejecting old ones. Lewis Mumfors, author of Technics and Civilization, explains how the clock “disassociated time from human events and helped create the belief in an independent world of mathematically measurable sequences.” The invention of the clock helped to create scientific mind but also took away our sense of reason as described in Joseph Weizenbaum’s book, Computer Power and Human Reason: From Judgement to Calculation.