THE EMERGENCE OF THE NEW WOMAN IN BAMA: A POSTCOLONIAL PERSPECTIVE
Dr. Anuradha Chaudhuri Associate Professor & Head,
Department of English
Lanka Mahavidyalaya Lanka, Hojai, Assam,782446 Contact No: 9435317678, email: [email protected] Postcolonial perspective is a look-back at something from a new angle of vision with the introduction of certain thoughts and ideas, absolutely novel and innovative which open up new doors to the progressive view of life as such. There has been a reshuffle, review and re-thinking in postcolonial era of certain issues like those of race, caste, nationality, diaspora, gender etc to create a tremor in academic world, among the critical thinkers, social activists, litterateurs, academicians, research scholars and students following which much enriched literature is born to provide nourishment and culture the thought processes of people concerned about these. The saga of subjugation, exploitation and humiliation of the underprivileged sections of the society including the working class people, dalits, blacks and browns, people of third world countries, various kinds of minorities, women etc. segregated and divided on the basis of caste, race, sex, colour, social position, language, nationality and religion has got fresh attention and critical comments, new directions in postcolonial period through the epoch-making critical works of Franz Fanon, Edward W. Said, Homi K.Bhabha, and Gayatri Chakraborty Spivak etc.The Saidian binaries are always the troublemakers in the smooth functioning of the social system; the sharp demarcation of compartments on the basis of various narrow and non-progressive colonial criteria has challenged the logical and sensible minds in postcolonial era compelling the public and total political system as such to brood over it rather sensibly to do justice to the deprived and the persecuted. The story of the renowned Tamil writer Bama in whom there has been a resurgence of New Woman has really inspired me to go through her in a better way so that something new can be added to the existing studies on Bama and there cannot be a better work than her autobiography Karukku, a testimonial of the atrocities conducted on and utmost discriminations made to the dalits for being dalits, for indepth investigation to see the emergence of a subaltern woman, a new woman as such vindicating strongly the cause of the colonized and fighting for the re-establishment of human dignity and human rights pinpointing the holes, fissures and sores weakening the society day by day particularly in Indian context.
Key Words: Bama, Dalit, Karukku, New Woman, Postcolonial.