The social stigma and discrimination of HIV has been recognized as one of the main barriers to the prevention

The social stigma and discrimination of HIV has been recognized as one of the main barriers to the prevention, care and treatment of HIV. This is rooted from the shame, fear and embarrassment of the people in accepting their experiences with the social stigma that reduces the willingness of an individual to reluctantly seek HIV testing, prevention, treatment and care from health care professionals and support from their loved ones. This is perceived by how the community is not adequately educated and prepared to integrate these people in society, which leads to the ignorance and isolation of these patients by hiding their disease from others to be socially accepted. Therefore, the disclosure of their health status does not only put their lives at a complicated situation but rather the people around them would also be affected. (Saki, M. & Kermanashai, S.M., 2015)
Recent studies indicate that patients living with HIV/AID experience higher level of HIV stigma, retention in care and ART adherence due to the multiple stigmatized social positions. Therefore, it is aimed to improve these three aspects to reduce the HIV stigma among these patients. (Sangaramoorthy, T., 2017) They are some researches that focus more on the interventional aspect to improve the adherence to treatment of HIV patient such as the effectiveness of the Adherence Improving self-Management Strategy (AIMS) compared with the usual treatment. Results show that AIMS was more effective in terms of increasing the quality-adjusted life years and reduced the viral load. (Bruin, M., 2017)

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