The tourism sector may contribute to a huge part of a developing economy and have impressive social influences in each country

The tourism sector may contribute to a huge part of a developing economy and have impressive social influences in each country, including Indonesia. However, with more and more countries promoting the business of tourism, brings to light significant negative impacts on the social systems, natural resources, and the lack of environmental sustainability. A combination between tourism and sustainability is urged to stem the tide of environmental damage in the future.
The research focused on sustainable tourism development in the Yogyakarta Special Region (YSR) with a case study in the Nglanggeran Village. The investigation was carried out to better understand how to enhance the sustainable tourism development program in YSR and what are the local government’s strategies in tourism development toward sustainability in the YSR, if any.
This study found that (1) the local government has the most significant influence on sustainable tourism development especially for the implementation of tourism and biodiversity conservation and is fundamentally responsibility for many functions such as land use planning, labor and environmental regulations, construction of infrastructure, and then social and environmental services. However, to address the sustainability matter requires the mutual commitment from both the public and private tourism-related stakeholders to attain the best result; (2) the existence of the Tourism Awareness Group or Community-based tourism is essential to speed up the sustainable tourism in YSR; (3) the more developed the tourism industry is in a region, the more potencies of environmental damage may occur. As the dynamics of tourism development itself expands, the role and strategies of tourism-related stakeholders particularly local governments are urged to be in advance or at the very lease be in line with the expansion.

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