The tropical rain forests of Queensland contain the largest number of relics of the former Gondwanian forests in the world. The high concentration of endemic monotypic genera and families with primitive plants reflects the history of these forests, repeatedly being refugia for species of different epochs. Representatives of the flora of these forests are living evidence of the evolutionary processes that have shaped the flora of Australia for the last 415 million years. It is believed that Queensland’s rain forests themselves remained in stable environmental conditions for at least the last 70 million years.
These forests go along a narrow strip along the coast of the Coral Sea, located on steep slopes or slightly wavy descending plateaus at altitudes between 600 and 900 m above sea level. sea, with mountain peaks up to 1622 m. The coastal lowlands along the coast of the Coral Sea are separated from the mountain ranges by foothill hills and in many areas – sharp ledges and cliffs.
Forests are located in two isolated areas: (1) a larger northern near Cairns between 15 ° 30 ‘S and 19 ° 25 ‘S. and (2) southern near Mackay from Whitsunday Group to Garmila. The third section, smaller, is further south on the Warginburra peninsula with the inclusion of parts of the Normanby Range
The Daintree Rainforest, a primary rain forest in northeastern Australia, is approaching 125 million years ago. One of the oldest natural sanctuaries on the planet, older than the Amazon rainforest. With 800,000 visitors a year, the Daintree National Park remains the most visited site in the country. The dream of budding botanists, looking for palm trees, ferns and other eucalyptus trees. 2,000 species of trees and different plants have been identified. Queensland in northeastern Australia remains one of the wildest and most unspoiled areas in the country. Its primary tropical forest, the Daintree Rainforest, approaches 125 million years ago. One of the oldest natural sanctuaries on the planet, older than the Amazon rainforest, only 10 million years old!
New South Wales
The tropical forests of Gondwana in Australia span 50 different parks in New South Wales and South East Queensland. Accessible from Byron Bay, this vast World Heritage area encompasses the largest subtropical forest in the world, including temperate and warm temperate forests. Walk in the bush through the forests of Nightcap, Mount Warning or Border Ranges national parks, all of which border the old eroded Mount Warning Wollumbin volcano. Reach out to hear the song of Albert’s rare menure, picnic in the Antarctic beech forests, spot the local marsupials, or take a scenic drive in the forest. There are pockets of tropical forests in the World Heritage-listed Blue Mountains near Sydney.
The southern part of Kakadu National Park, a World Heritage Site, is dotted with monsoon forests. Explore it on a hike to the spectacular Jim Jim Falls Falls, which flow over 250 meters into deep, cool pools. Follow the Gubarra Pools trail or hike Gungarre Walk through the savannah woods to the banks of a billabong (crescent-shaped lake). Kakadu is also famous for its swampy grounds dotted with water lilies, a fertile wildlife and treasures of Aboriginal rock art. Take a boat trip on the rivers passing alongside crocodiles, barramundi perches and birds,