The United States Constitution is the supreme law of our Nation

The United States Constitution is the supreme law of our Nation. Although originally comprised of seven articles, it was the first three articles that addressed the separation of governing powers. Furthermore, the first three Articles of our United States Constitution provide a roadmap and definition to our governing system. Our founding fathers had forethought to create a foundation to which our government could function that included a system of checks and balances to reduce or eliminate corruption and injustice against the people from the three branches of our government. (Press, 2018)
Article I
Article one of the U.S. Constitution institutes the legislative branch of the federal government for the United States Congress. The Congress is a two-house legislature comprised of a House of Representative and a Senate. Law-making is the principle of this Article. Nevertheless, our founding fathers were conflicted on how to base the number of representative. They debated on whether to base it on population, which would give more power to the more populated states, or to give each state the same number of representative which would allow an equal allowance of power to all states regardless of their population. Thus, a great compromise took place and the creation of two houses, with representation based on population in one and with equal representation in the other. As a result, the House of Representatives and the Senate was formed.
Every Bill which will pass the House of Representatives and the Senate must be presented to the President of the United States before it becomes the rule of law. If he/she gives the bill an approval then it will be signed. However, if he or she does not sign it, it will must be returned, with his or her objections to that House where it began where it will then be entered with the objections on their Journal, and will be proceed for reconsideration. Thus, if two thirds of that House agrees to pass the Bill, it will then be sent, together with the objections to the other House, where it will likewise be reconsidered and if approved by two thirds of that House, it will born into a Law. Although, in all such cases the votes of both Houses will be determined by Yeas and Nays, and by the names of the person voting for and against the Bill must be entered on the Journal of each House respectively. However, any Bill that gets returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) must be presented to him/her, and the same shall be a Law, likewise if he/she had signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law. (Press, 2018)
Article II
Article Two of the United States Constitution establishes the executive branch of the government, consisting of the President, the Vice President, and other executive officers and staffers appointed by the President, including the Cabinet. (Archives, 2016) While Article One creates laws, it is the responsibility of the executive branch to enforce them. Furthermore, the Article was designed to provide support for the President by means of Cabinet members, so that he or she could call upon others for advice and assistance. Nonetheless, the responsibility of all executive actions land unilaterally on the President’s shoulders.
The President
No person except a natural born citizen, or a citizen of the United States, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President. Also, neither may a person be eligible to that Office who has not have attained to the Age of thirty-five years, and been resident for fourteen years within the United States. With great importance, the President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from office on impeachment for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.
Article III
Article Three of the United States of the Constitution provides for a judiciary branch with the U.S. Supreme Court as the federal court system, and defines treason. Besides its many powers, the judiciary has the inherent authority to interpret laws and the Constitution with an authority that must be deferred to. “This article is shorter than Articles I and II. The Federal Convention left much of the work of planning the court system to the First Congress. The 1789 Judiciary Act created the three-tiered court system in place today.” (Archives, 2016)
Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying war against them, or in standing with their enemies, giving them support and allegiance. No one shall be convicted of Treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open Court. Additionally, Congress is given the power to declare the punishment of Treason, but no attainder of Treason shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture except during the life of the person attainted. (Center, 2018)
The Constitution’s first three words “We the People” support that the government of the United States exists to serve its citizens. For over two centuries the Constitution has remained a living breathing document because its framers wisely separated and balanced governmental powers to safeguard the interests of majority rule and minority rights, of liberty and equality and of the federal and state governments.
The three branches of our governing system work separately from one another and have their own separate powers. However, each have to rely on the other branches in order to achieve their goals. Each branch, which in itself is a “check” for the other two branches, and therefore provides “balance,” of powers given to each branch. Thus, withholding the ability for any one branch from having all the power which provides a level of assurance that corruption and laws against the people do not occur.
Hence, by creating the checks and balances, people’s rights would be safer and they would feel more protected not having one branch of government with total power. The Framers made the Constitution complex and detailed. It effectively explains and limits the individual branches of power in government. In the words of Thomas Paine, “A government without a constitution is power without right.” Significance in that for power to be granted, it is necessary to establish a constitution. However the ultimate power belongs to those who use the power of the vote – making their voices heard at the ballot box.


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