What is the concept of federalism? First let’s get a better understanding of what it means: Federalism- a system of government in which powers is divided between a central government and regional government. So, what is the concept? Federalism has been an issue since the beginning, and still remains one especially in Texas. States have always done much of its everyday control. Federalism concept is a way to bring smaller entities to achieve greater possibilities. It is a stepping stone to allow the national government control over certain areas in the state, but also allows the states control as well. I guess you can say the hands of the centralize government will always be priority in most cases. State interest were protected in many ways: especially where the senate is concerned. The state received equal representation.