When thinking about activities to do with children you must focus on more than just the subject area, for example, cooking with young children can help their physical development for example, their fine motor skills and hand-eye coordination, also it will help their communication and intellectual development, for example, measuring quantities, deciding on appropriate menus, using language to describe food, learning how food and nutrition affect growth and health, and sitting down to eat together and talking to one another about the food they have made as this will help them to learn about listening to others and being part of a group, also cooking helps a child’s, social, emotional, and behavioural development because they are sharing mealtimes with one another and they are taking turns in what they are doing. A child’s physical development can also affect other areas of their personal development because, if a child has a disability or they are delayed this could result in that child withdrawing themselves from social groups or after school clubs or even school, which could also lead to depression, anxiety, behavioural difficulties, and if they aren’t coming to school very often it will also affect their intellectual development. Also if the disability is not allowing that child to take part in PE lessons, or play outside at break or lunch times then the child may feel socially withdrawn, team activities like a PE lesson or playing outside helps to create friendships through these exercises which then helps to develop their social skills, if the child cannot join in, they may struggle to make new friends and they will be missing out on this social development. Sports activities also help to promote a healthy lifestyle, non-participating children, particularly those in wheel-chairs, can become overweight due to lack of exercise, this affects their body appearance and therefore this may lower their self-esteem, which would therefore affect their social skills because they have little self-confidence so might find it difficult to go up to new people and try to make friends, and it would also affect their emotional wellbeing because they do not feel good about themselves because they might be overweight because they cannot physically exercise to burn off the calories that they have eaten. Children often socialise at school during break times and lunch times by playing games in the playground or on a playing filed, these often will include running around, if a child finds it difficult to do this, they may feel left out and like they are unable to make friends, therefore this could impact their social development. These break times also allow children to burn off the excess energy that children have, if this energy is not burned, a child may focus this energy on acting out and/or misbehaving in class time, which could result in that child and other children finding it difficult to concentrate in class, which therefore affects a child’s ability to learn, this can also lead to a reduced rate of cognitive development regarding reading, writing and problem solving skills. Children with severe visual and/or hearing impairments can find difficulty in building relationships and developing their social skills in the school environment, often those children who do have severe visual and/or hearing impairments will attend another school which are designed to cater for their needs which therefore makes it easier for them children to build relationships and avoid bullying, however, an adverse effect of those specially designed schools is that it may result in visual and/or hearing impaired children being unable to socialise with those people who didn’t go to the specially designed schools in the future which could lead to depression because those people who did attend those specially designed schools may feel left out and not included in friendship groups, or may even struggle to gain friends because of their impairment. Visual and hearing impairments can also affect a child’s ability to communicate, it is particularly common for children with hearing impairments to have speech problems. Children suffering from deafness may communicate through signing and/or reducing the number of people who they communicate with, a large part of communication is through body language, with which a visually impaired child may find great difficulty. So therefore, they may not develop socially because they find it difficult to talk to new people and make new friends. If a child suffers from a speech impediment, like for example, a stutter, other children may find it difficult to understand them, this can result in limited interaction with other children, resulting in feelings of frustration, annoyance, and a lack of confidence. This may affect other areas of development as they can feel as though they cannot achieve which could impact on their intellectual development, which therefore may cause low self-esteem. Children with emotional and behavioural disorders, like post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder, can show characteristics that adversely affect their education, these can include difficulty learning, difficulty building and/or maintaining personal relationships with other children and their teachers, they may also show inappropriate behaviour for example, acting out against themselves or others, they may also show inappropriate feelings for example, they may have low self-esteem, or low self-worth and they may even start self-harming, they may experience unhappiness or depression and an increased tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears regarding personal or school problems. If a child suffers from depression they can experience a loss of interest and concentration in social activities and life, they may withdraw themselves socially and can often separate themselves from others which has an awful impact on the child’s social development because they do not have many long term or close friends. Withdrawal from lessons can affect cognitive development, with children having difficulties in broadening their skills in reading, writing and problem solving and therefore this affects the child’s cognitive development. Children with eating disorders can suffer from physical complications, often young children who suffer from eating disorders often experience depression and/or anxiety later in life. Having an eating disorder as a child can affect their physical development because eating disorders consisting of malnutrition can have an impact on the child’s rate or growth, and the child may also experience pubertal delay because of the eating disorder. Children with attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) act out how they’re feeling as opposed to just talking about them or keeping them to themselves, they often will show behaviours such as fighting, bullying, swearing, and other forms of violence this can have a serious impact on their social development as they will find it difficult to make friends because of the way they are acting unless it is taken care of and understood by the people working with and around that child, including friends of that child. Children and young people are often excluded from school because of their behaviour, therefore this has a serious adverse effect on their cognitive development, including their reading and writing skills, and also problem solving, because children with ADHD are often excluded from schools, or put in isolation for lengthy periods of time because of their actions, they often achieve lower grades than other pupils, which may make the child with ADHD have lower self-esteem because of what he hasn’t achieved. A child with social anxiety disorder may cry a lot, or have tantrums, they often fear the school and a classroom environment and may even avoid participation in school events and/or performances. Social anxiety can result in a child not developing in communication skills a lot because they do not have the confidence to talk to new people, they may also suffer from talking in groups, talking to high authorities, and speaking to people on the phone. In some cases, the child with social anxiety disorder may show fears of eating and/or drinking in front of people, which will result in malnutrition and lack of proper physical development. This also may lead to low self-esteem and insecurities, especially regarding their own body image, which could then lead onto the development of eating disorders and the misuse or drugs and/or alcohol, and therefore this again could lead to lack of physical development.