William Golding’s literature piece Lord of the Flies provides gives a sharp understanding into human nature. In the novel, a group of young boys get into a plane crash on an inhabited island during an outbreak of a world war with no adult supervision. On the island in a society and environment where there are no rules or civility set in place the young boy’s human nature becomes visible. In response to a question asked of Sir William Golding, he replied, “The theme is an attempt to trace the defects of society of human nature. The moral is that the shape of a society must depend on the ethical nature of the individual and not on any political system however apparently logical or respectable.” In the opinion of Golding, the political system cannot be effective without considering the human defects. Golding anticipates that human nature, when unimpeded from the hindrances of society, draws people towards savagery. His argument is that human beings are savage by nature, and are moved by urges concerning brutality and dominance over others. Golding expresses how the defects of human nature influence the societal order using a creative approach. To prove his argument, Golding uses characterization, symbolism, and character development in Lord of the Flies to illustrate that all humans are inherently evil.
The characterization by Golding promotes his argument that humans are inherently evil. He writes, “Kill the pig. Cut her throat. Bash her in…” (75), which is the group’s chant when they have killed their first pig. This indirectly portrays how rules and establishment had been attempted to be established, but savagery that has gradually spread in the group. Golding later writes “He could see a striped savage moving hastily out of the green tangle, and coming toward the mat where he hid, a savage who carried a spear…” (198). In this quote, Ralph, the last hope of civilization and order for the boys is hunted down by Jack’s boys. In this order, Golding directly characterizes a group of young boys who had turned into a group of uncivilized human beings with diction.