Walker & Avant (2011) states attributes provide a philosophical understanding about the concept of interest if and differentiate from surrounding concepts (as cited in Ramezani, Ahamadi, Mohammadi, & Kazemnejad, 2014, p. 213). The critical attributes of quality of life can give a subjective and objective understanding. One attribute of quality of life can be define as fulfillment, which represent a feeling of self-worth and successfulness through life output (de Guzman, Llantino, See, Villanueva, & Jung, 2008, p. 749). Also, the concept quality of life can be seen in the definitions when descriptive words such as perception and expectation are used. Objectively the concept quality of life can be described through psychological, spiritual, and social aspect. Psychological attributes of quality of life focus on the emotional reaction, satisfaction, and mindset. The spiritual attributes of quality of life focus on spirituality, faith, and optimism. The social attributes help differentiate family support, friends, productivity, and resources.
de Guzman, A., Llantino, M., See, V., Villanueva, R., & Jung, Y. (2008). Horizons, not boundaries, are the language of retirement: sense of fulfillment, fears, and life trajectories of faculty extendees in the Philippines. Educational Gerontology, 34(9), 749-762.
Ramezani, M., MSN, RN, Ahamadi, F., RN, PhD, Mohammadi, E., RN, PhD, & Kazemnejad, A., MSc, PhD. (2014) Spiritual care in nursing: a concept analysis. International Nursing Review 61, 211-219.